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How was England formed?

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How was England formed?

The existence of England is one that is often taken for granted and looked at far too scarcely. This may be due to the overshadowing history of the development of Great Britain and the United Kingdom, but nonetheless, in order for these unions to be formed, England had to already exist - and it actually has since 927 AD. So, how was England created, who claimed the land before the English, and how did it become the nation that we know today?...

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♦Music by Epidemic Sound


♦Script & Research :
Skylar J. Gordon

♦Sources :

Hamerow, Helena. The Origins of Wessex.

Stenton, Frank. Anglo-Saxon England.

Rees, Rosemary. The Vikings.

Albany F. Major, Early Wars of Wessex

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15 Ago 2021

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Comentários 11 057
Thursday History
Thursday History Anos atrás
Since TikTok got confused about this I just wanna pop in and say - I’m the scriptwriter on this video and at the beginning when referencing “Scots” and pointing to Ireland, that’s not a mistake! The Scots/Scoti/Scotti were Gaels from Ireland around the same time that the Picts were in Scotland! I see why it confused people on TikTok and everyone here seems fine but, just in case 😂
Michelle Boyle
Michelle Boyle 2 meses atrás
@Andy B I was told that there was some kind of connection between Wales and Clan Wallace
Michelle Boyle
Michelle Boyle 2 meses atrás
@Asura1951 Initially, perhaps, but over time they migrated as distinctly identifying groups all over the place apparently. Historical documentation + DNA tracking has revealed interesting connections between the Hebrews and certain peoples of western China, Morocco, Kenya, Iran, Syria, and yes, even certain tribes of Afghans
Steve Gad
Steve Gad 2 meses atrás
Nicely written TH. It was a real pleasure to listen to it being read over the graphics.
Rasha Mohamed Ali
Rasha Mohamed Ali 2 meses atrás
SÂ7..$ 😉🌈💗😚😘
Renegade Dalek
Renegade Dalek 2 meses atrás
Nobody who watches tiktok can actually think .
VarleyET
VarleyET 8 meses atrás
Anyone who's interested in seeing how this played out in a TV series: The Last Kingdom did a great job covering it and it was very entertaining
Mathieu Faltys
Mathieu Faltys 3 dias atrás
@Cartman The show has me interested in checking out the books.
Cartman
Cartman 4 dias atrás
The books are better the TV show was OK
Mathieu Faltys
Mathieu Faltys 2 meses atrás
@Wolfie Street LOL. The writers must have been in those elementary school CRT classes right-wingers keep crying about.
Addy T Rolla
Addy T Rolla 2 meses atrás
Even better... Put The Last Kingdom audiobooks on while you work. I've never felt long days of hard work go by so fast. It has a great narrator. By the time I thought I'd read them all, he released another book
mac atanoso
mac atanoso 2 meses atrás
Yes i love that series a historical show . From the Philippines 🇵🇭🇬🇧
Etna Lutt
Etna Lutt 2 dias atrás
I won't be surprised, many "new" evidence should change the history of some countries.
Fahad Al Jasmi
Fahad Al Jasmi 2 dias atrás
The last kingdom was too accurate
Szymon Matusiak
Szymon Matusiak 2 meses atrás
I am amazed how a relatively small island nation had a great influence on the world. It's remarkable that English became the most spoken language - Latin of the 21st century and the long pursued dream of having an universal/world language is becoming true. Thanks for the great video. Greetings from Poland!
IrkedOffDev
IrkedOffDev 11 dias atrás
@Xx O-DeathShot-O Xx isn't that what I said?
Xx O-DeathShot-O Xx
Xx O-DeathShot-O Xx 11 dias atrás
@IrkedOffDev you wanting people to forgot their native tongue for one that you believe is superior
IrkedOffDev
IrkedOffDev 11 dias atrás
@Ó yeah but it will be in the next few generations
IrkedOffDev
IrkedOffDev 11 dias atrás
@Xx O-DeathShot-O Xx which part is nuts?
Ó
Ó 11 dias atrás
English isn't the most spoken language though...
Elvenkind
Elvenkind 3 meses atrás
Great job! I'm really, deeply interested in history, and specially English and Norse history, but I've never seen such an elegant presentation of how England came to be. You got a new subscriber, and naturally a like! Have a nice weekend everyone, from Alv, Norway.
emkay dee
emkay dee 9 meses atrás
Aethelstan was buried in my hometown, alongside those from his army at the battle of Brunanburh, a very small town called Malmesbury. His remains are lost, but the memorial is in the Abbey still. Direct descendants of his army who still live locally have a society called “commoners” as they still collectively own an area of common land that Athelstan gave to those men!
RickE
RickE 2 meses atrás
@Éva Fodor the word Ethel or Aethel meant “able or noble “from what I’ve learned. In Aethelstans case the Stan meant “ Stone” so his name meant “ able stone”
Charles
Charles 2 meses atrás
@RickE May history repeat
_A1
_A1 2 meses atrás
that's amazing. thanks for sharing.
John Brereton
John Brereton 2 meses atrás
@Éva Fodor Aethel means nobel in Anglo Saxon. Aetheling means nobel birth and Aethelstan means nobel stone.
Ajay Sidhu🇮🇳
Ajay Sidhu🇮🇳 2 meses atrás
MALMESBERY???
James Harrison-king
James Harrison-king 2 meses atrás
The TV show (Netflix: Last Kingdom) is based on the books by Bernard Cornwell which cover most of this period in great detail. He is one of the leading historical fiction writers out there. Uthred in the books/show is a fictional character that he uses to weave the story through the history - giving him a key role or reason to be involved in the main events. He is inspired by the Bernard Cornwell's distant ancestor, Uthred. At the end of each book, the Author writes a small summary of the real history and the adaptions he's made to fit the story. The books also include maps from the time period, and the saxon naming with English translations - Which allows you to see the language and geographical development of the country. The show is good in general, but it has huge inaccuracies in how the period is portrayed which is a shame as the author and books cover this accurately - but i guess that is a tv screenwriting / budgeting decision. I would highly recommend the books.
lorry geewhizzbang
lorry geewhizzbang 2 meses atrás
From Ireland here, our lessons are pretty broad so we learn most of this, but it would be nice to hear about places that don't get talked about as much such as Cornwall, Isle of Man and Isle of Wight.
lorry geewhizzbang
lorry geewhizzbang Mês atrás
@adam driver Nope. I was talking to the maker of this video and you decided to jump in so I'll leave the videography in your expert hands. 😄
adam driver
adam driver 2 meses atrás
@lorry geewhizzbang glad to hear, let me know when done
adam driver
adam driver 2 meses atrás
You're so funny.......
lorry geewhizzbang
lorry geewhizzbang 2 meses atrás
@adam driver Sounds great. I'll fit it in with the 1000 other things I need to do. 🥴☺
adam driver
adam driver 2 meses atrás
@lorry geewhizzbang let's do the Isle of wight
David Van Dyken
David Van Dyken 5 meses atrás
This is a really interesting history lesson. Thanks for posting. However, it seems like it concluded a bit early. I would have expected the 1066 Norman invasion to be a crucial aspect to the formation of England.
Altai🐺 Austro-Hungarian2003
England was created by the Anglo-Saxons but I would say the normans helped
melcrom1
melcrom1 2 meses atrás
@Wolfie Street such a good answer. Bravo. You made your point!
melcrom1
melcrom1 2 meses atrás
@Wolfie Street thank you Sir, for you insight.
Μυλωνόγιαννης Λι
@Wolfie Street remember, you were not alone in waterloo, or any place else after that for that matter. i always wonder at the idiocy of the british people of sustaining a bunch of inbreds just to sustain them as a unified people on an island totally depleted of any resource, but grass.
Μυλωνόγιαννης Λι
@Le Capetien interesting!!, captain.
Ash B
Ash B 4 meses atrás
For anyone interested The Vikings and The Last Kingdom are two great TV shows that deal with this portion of history.
jswen24
jswen24 2 meses atrás
Ragnar vs Uthred is a good matchup
Rosemerryn McMillan
Rosemerryn McMillan 2 meses atrás
@Maximus Proliferus brvid.net/video/video-fbbSVjVWX-4.html
Rosemerryn McMillan
Rosemerryn McMillan 2 meses atrás
brvid.net/video/video-fbbSVjVWX-4.html
whtsap+𝟭𝟳𝟯𝟰𝟮𝟱𝟮𝟵𝟬𝟵𝟲
Link up with Amy Cramer 👆 👆
Tyler Brett
Tyler Brett 2 meses atrás
In a sector that requires much technicals and analysis as that of stocks and forex, understanding early the role experience and expertise plays in the markets regarding profitable trades I believe is a smart money move
S I O M A I
S I O M A I Anos atrás
Up to this day, I still find it astounding how this small island nation was able to become the "empire in which the sun never sets" later on in history.
Mister Jorge
Mister Jorge 2 meses atrás
Sun never set! Pls also keep in mind the fact that 'Slavery, Colonialism & Colonization' are all evil things done by evildoers. Around fifty 50 nations fell under British Colonialism; while around twenty five 25 nations under French Colonialism. - In the Colonial era all Anglo Western Colonizers did in their Colonies worldwide was build infrastructure, such as roads and ports so that they could ship abundant natural mineral resources, raw materials back to Europe to make fine goods, since there hardly has any mineral resources in Europe. That is what Colonialism is all about; "Pillage and Plunder" at will. For instance, it is agreed upon the fact that Africa in general has progressed a lot more in the past 20-30 years than 200 years of Western Colonialism there. Moreover, World organization such as United Nations was helped founded, with cleverly drawn charters, by the West; only after they have had enough of practicing centuries-long global Slavery, Colonization and Colonialism; in such a way so as to; - keep their accumulated wealth to themselves, - their accumulated crimes not to get prosecuted by their former victims. 😔 "Anglo caused most of the world's problems." - David Cameron, former British Prime Minister “British society has never been cleansed of the filth of imperialism.” - Salman Rushdie The fact that they need to repent & repay their sins & crimes. After all, it's "a man's gotta do what a man's gotta do" thing. Like I said, repay and repent your long overdue crimes and sins. Remember the saying, "a man's gotta do what a man's gotta do". "History is written by the victors and liars." ~ Napoleon Bonaparte Speaking of 'the rule of Law', may I ask where is the rule of law when the Anglo West is practicing centuries-long global Slavery, Colonialism & Colonization? May I ask when will the West face justice for their notorious centuries-long global crimes of Slavery, Colonialism and Colonization from North/South America to Australia/New Zealand? Speaking of 'crime'.., remember, it’s only a crime if you lose. The Anglo Western bloc had been on the winning side for about three centuries. Obviously, they couldn't care less about the "crimes" any more. 😔
POWER96
POWER96 2 meses atrás
Rape, murder, enslavement, colonization, thievery, and genocide. That is How England did it.
Samuel Luria
Samuel Luria 3 meses atrás
@Felgruf - 🥱
The Harlequin
The Harlequin 5 meses atrás
@marco mendez The Spanish had one for about 5 minutes. Amazing how quickly they gained traction, after only unifying the country, "as Spain", a few decades before. Then losing it all so quickly afterwards. Probably too much religious zealotry contributed
The Harlequin
The Harlequin 5 meses atrás
@Pasha Pasovski only a 8% apparently, and Scandinavians. Only 10%
Benjamin Rush
Benjamin Rush 2 dias atrás
These quick Knowledgias are Great. Simple. You can always learn more. Some of the Comments are Tremendous for the People living in the mentioned Areas bring us the Oral & Archeological History that gets lost in time. Thanks.
Pamela McBride
Pamela McBride 3 meses atrás
Anyone who's interested in seeing how this played out in a TV series: The Last Kingdom did a great job covering it and it was very entertaining
James husrt
James husrt 2 meses atrás
Hello Pamela,how are you doing today it’s nice to meet you here 😊
Essel
Essel 3 meses atrás
I heard about The Battle of Brunanburh when I was researching my surname. The story goes that it was realised, at the time, what an important victory this was. Indeed, it was spoken of in terms of awe for many years afterwards and was referred to as "The Dear Victory" - approximate translation of "Leof Siege". Apparently, some of the protagonists took their new surnames from this and started the line which would include the Liversedges and, like my surname, Livesley. I'm not sure how much of this is accurate but it makes a nice story.
T T
T T 5 meses atrás
Thanks for the enjoyable video. The first Viking raiders actually came from Denmark, as did the Jutes and Angles. It wasn't an army that raided Lindisfarne, the first raids were small bands that hit hard and fast.
Steve
Steve Mês atrás
The Angles came from southern Schleswig, interfacing with the Saxons further to the south. They were not Danes. Centuries later the Germans and Danes had wars over this area of land, both claiming it as their own. This gave rise to the 'Schleswig-Holstein Question' that Lord Palmerston famously remarked, "Only three people have ever really understood (it)....the Prince Consort, who is dead, a German professor who has gone mad, and I, who have forgotten all about it."
abc def
abc def 2 meses atrás
@Chris Stucker It was great. Anything you liked under one roof. Muncks trusting in God collecting gold. The Vikings diverted them from collecting gold to trusting in God. A win win situation.
Chris Stucker
Chris Stucker 2 meses atrás
In hindsight, filling a monastery on the North East coast of England full of riches and having only monks to protect it may have not been a good idea.
Medusa's Lair
Medusa's Lair 5 meses atrás
Yeah, hence Danes.... People from Denmark = Danes.
Jinn KunTV
Jinn KunTV 9 meses atrás
Loved the middle age English history! Wish I could visit england someday and see historic places, figures and such! Greetings from Philippines!
Chris Howell
Chris Howell 2 meses atrás
Kumusta Kuya, from Hadrians Wall, though my family are in Bicol.
Eyes of the Tiger
Eyes of the Tiger 2 meses atrás
@Jim Ferrante I didn't say they are horrible!
moondee lundee
moondee lundee 2 meses atrás
Nothing to see nowadays. Old English style roads and homes are few, in rural areas and villages. Now you have most towns and cities with roadworks on the same street every month with barely a good summer (this year was very good) and once summer is gone the so called 4 seasons seems like winter throughout with dull clouds and wet dusty roads and dustbins.
Jim Ferrante
Jim Ferrante 2 meses atrás
@Eyes of the Tiger the women are wonderful
Sus Kagusip
Sus Kagusip 2 meses atrás
@XXXTENTAClON Written in the wall of Intramuros "Manila under the British rule 3 years."
Aleq Robinson
Aleq Robinson 3 meses atrás
Very interesting video. The Norse/British Isles period, will always be one of my fav historical periods.
Andrew Howells
Andrew Howells 2 meses atrás
And you are also ignorant to the ancient people of Cymru , who were always here before any of you lot were not invited
RickE
RickE 5 meses atrás
Love this video and all Dark Age history. My family was supposed to have first come from Ireland to fight in the battle of Heavenfield for King Oswald. Thanks for this entertaining and informative take.
buzz magister
buzz magister 3 meses atrás
I really enjoyed watching this . It gives some fascinating information about the history of this country . Thank you .
Adam Palmer
Adam Palmer 4 meses atrás
I’m late to this piece but this was really good. I knew a lot about the start of the Viking Invasion & then Alfred taking back Wessex but I didn’t know everything after that so great job while keeping it interesting!🤟🤯💯
TheArbiter
TheArbiter Anos atrás
As a Brit, this is already way more than I learned in History class
Andrew Howells
Andrew Howells 2 meses atrás
@nixl American b7llshit fro a cymro
Andrew Howells
Andrew Howells 2 meses atrás
And before the invasions and enslaving of ancient people dy isle o prydain, What of the Cymraeg. A peaceful nation and land robbed/coloniolised by these warmongers. No mention of the Cymraeg. They took away our ancient tongue and be it changed our countries name to.wales , which means Slave.ij their germania manipulated This video dicusts me and backs up hidden history that the powers to be opress and brainwash. You the writer make me feel.invisible. in modern society, diversity is paramount where I come from and in your tongue ,bullshit by ignoramus bullshitter, shame on you.
Mister Jorge
Mister Jorge 2 meses atrás
Like I said, 'Slavery, Colonialism & Colonization' are all evil things done by evildoers. 😔 They need to repent & repay their sins & crimes. After all, it's "a man's gotta do what a man's gotta do" thing. Like I said, repay and repent your long overdue crimes and sins. Remember the saying, a man's gotta do what a man's gotta do. Truth hurts, but truth matters. "History is written by the victors and liars." ~ Napoleon Bonaparte Speaking of 'the rule of Law', may I ask where is the rule of law when the Anglo West is practicing centuries-long global Slavery, Colonialism & Colonization? May I ask when will the West face justice for their notorious centuries-long global crimes of Slavery, Colonialism and Colonization from North/South America to Australia/New Zealand? Speaking of 'crime'.., remember, it’s only a crime if you lose. - The Anglo Western bloc had been on the winning side for about three centuries. - Obviously, they couldn't care less about the "crimes" any more. 😔
Mister Jorge
Mister Jorge 2 meses atrás
Like I said, keep in mind the fact that 'Slavery, Colonialism & Colonization' are all evil things done by evildoers. Around fifty 50 nations fell under British Colonialism; while around twenty five 25 nations under French Colonialism. - In the Colonial era all Anglo Western Colonizers did in their Colonies worldwide was build infrastructure, such as roads and ports so that they could ship abundant natural mineral resources, raw materials back to Europe to make fine goods, since there hardly has any mineral resources in Europe. That is what Colonialism is all about; "Pillage and Plunder" at will. For instance, it is agreed upon the fact that Africa in general has progressed a lot more in the past 20-30 years than 200 years of Western Colonialism there. Moreover, World organization such as United Nations was helped founded, with cleverly drawn charters, by the West; only after they have had enough of practicing centuries-long global Slavery, Colonization and Colonialism; in such a way so as to; - keep their accumulated wealth to themselves, - their accumulated crimes not to get prosecuted by their former victims. 😔 "Anglo caused most of the world's problems." - David Cameron, former British Prime Minister “British society has never been cleansed of the filth of imperialism.” - Salman Rushdie The fact that they need to repent & repay their sins & crimes. After all, it's "a man's gotta do what a man's gotta do" thing. Like I said, repay and repent your long overdue crimes and sins. Remember the saying, "a man's gotta do what a man's gotta do".
Nerd#9347.
Nerd#9347. 2 meses atrás
@Mister Jorge THIS!
Duke JukeBox
Duke JukeBox 5 meses atrás
"The Last Kingdom" is the best historical series out there on this subject,historical facts are pretty accurate and acting is superb!
bluesdealer
bluesdealer 2 meses atrás
Loosely so, yes. Better than most modern historical fiction, at least. I still don’t understand what the writers had against Edward though lol
🗿ARAFAT💬
🗿ARAFAT💬 3 meses atrás
@Just Sayin yeah also shows sithric was killed by edward however this video shows he held Northumbria even after Edward's death and was later under uthred who acted as a buffer and wasn't under any oaths🗿 I understand the show wouldn't be interesting if it was straight to the point & had no court intrigues
Just Sayin
Just Sayin 4 meses atrás
Facts aren’t that accurate. Just kind of shows what life was like and how brutal the Vikings were. And the constant struggle for power, land and wealth. Funny thing about the show is Uhtred the Bold never met Alfred the Great. Alfred was king from 871-899… while Uhtred died in the year 1016 over 100 years apart from their deaths. Many characters were based on real people just not as historically accurate.
Willam Ferreira da rocha
@Hill i live coutry rarely find history books from other countries
Hill
Hill 4 meses atrás
Umm no, but it certainly educate people who hates reading history books
Paul Wusteman
Paul Wusteman 4 meses atrás
Only a few Anglo-Saxon churches now survive that were not enlarged and rebuilt in the Middle Ages but a large number of beautiful manuscripts and artefacts survive, of which the Sutton Hoo treasure in the British Museum is perhaps the most spectacular, along with the Lindisfarne Gospels. Alfred - a true philosopher king - and Aethelstan were extraordinary people - as was also Aethelfled, a brilliant ruler who earned and kept the loyalty of her nobles.
condorX2
condorX2 2 meses atrás
Aye. The Viking completely changed them, from fighting for their homeland against invaders to become the invader themselves who colonized half the world and plundering all their riches. Here is nice article. The British East India Company seized Bengal in 1757 by force. Then the British forced the peasantry to handover their produce and engineered a famine in 1770 that killed a third of the population. Following that, there were 24 famines between 1850-1899 in different parts of the country, where tens of millions of people killed. From 1765 to 1938, Britain extracted 45 trillion pound sterling from India, which was effectively the down payment for the Industrial Revolution. In 1700, India had 25% of the world’s GDP. By 1950, they had only 4%. In 1943, during the WW II, Winston Churchill diverted food from Bengal to Britain, resulted in 3 million Indians deaths. When India got independent from the British, the literacy rate was just 14%. From the late 17th century to the 18th century, Britain smuggled opium into China to dope the population, a strategy to turn around a huge trade deficit, after the British could not find enough silver to pay the Qing government in their tea and porcelain trades. After opium was destroyed in salt water and ports were closed by the Chinese in ordered to curb opium, the British started the Opium War I, which China lost. Hong Kong was forced to be surrendered to the British. After 12 years, the British got really greedy. They demanded the Qing government: 1) To open the borders of China to allow goods coming in and out freely and tax free. 2) Make opium legal in China. After being rejected, the British and French, with support by the USA, started Opium War II with China, which again, China lost. The Anglo-French military raided the Summer Palace, an estimated 150,000 pieces of historic treasures with a 1900-year span from the first Qin Dynasty up to the Qing Dynasty were raided and many ended up in the British Museum in London. After the Summer Palace was burned down in 3 days, the Anglo-French military then threatened to burn the Imperial Palace. The Qing government was forced to pay with free trade ports, 300,000 kilograms of silver and the Kowloon district north of Hong Kong Island was taken. Since then, China’s resources flew out freely from the free trade ports. In the subsequent amendment to the treaties, Chinese people were sold overseas to serve as labor, famously known as “piglet labor”. Britain, a tiny country, had turned the two biggest economies in the world into poverty stricken slumps. China and India co-existed for 4000 years without problems. Buddhism originated in India and widely adopted in China. China sent Buddhist monks to India to learn Buddhism from India. When the British were preparing for India’s independence, an ambiguity was left behind at the border between China and India, and since then, it became the point of conflicts between China and India, including a war at the border in 1962. Divide and rule, is their tactic used over and over again. The British colonized my country Malaysia in 1786. During WW II, when the Japanese came to Malaya, the British fled the country, and the Malayan Communists were left behind to fight a gorilla warfare with the Japanese in the jungles. After the Japanese surrendered, the Malayan Communist fighters went back to towns. Then the British came back, surrounded the towns and mass murdered them. Before handed back to China, Hong Kong was ruled under an iron fist, but when Hong Kong was returned to China, the UK pushed for democracy in Hong Kong. There are many reasons for the empire’s successes. But one thing stands out: hypocrisy. -Zeis Siez 🤓
道之道
道之道 2 meses atrás
Good explanation of the very early days of England. Do you have another video describing how England's monarchy down to the late QE2 developed out of this period of chaos?
MLYong
MLYong 4 meses atrás
Astouding how much violence, conflict and sacrifices it takes to build this foundation of order. To realize what and how many eras to go thru in order to shape how it is today is breath taking.
sunshine67
sunshine67 2 meses atrás
There is still plenty of violence and conflict in the UK, between the governing classes, and the less wealthy and privileged who are having to make all the sacrifices. Colonialism started in the UK, when the isalnd of Britain itself was colonised, then spread from there
james maher
james maher 2 meses atrás
Joseph. In 1883 90%of Africa was owned by natives. By 1990 following the division of Africa among the Western European Powers only 10% of Africa was owned by natives. Colonialism served to divide abd conquer. Its seeds are still evident today. That is a large part of the instability you mention.
MLYong
MLYong 2 meses atrás
@Joseph absolutely, many don’t understand “what it took” to get to where it is today.
Joseph
Joseph 2 meses atrás
That's why the instability we see in some African countries now is just part of the natural process.
Daz Ediss
Daz Ediss 7 meses atrás
This was really interesting as I’m from Cumbria, which on the map is the part of England directly east of the Isle of Man, formally part of southern Strathclyde. It explains why my ancestors all spoke an ancient language of Cumbric, which was a blend of Celtic, Welsh & Norse. It became extinct in the 12th century - after the carve up of Strathclyde. But it does explain why the dialects & accents around where I live are so weirdly diverse, more so than any other region in the U.K. For instance - 3 miles up the road in Gretna, Dumfries & Galloway - everybody speaks with a Scottish accent. 2 miles east in the western Yorkshire dales - everyone speaks with a Yorkshire accent, 10 miles south in Lancaster everyone speaks with a Lancashire accent, and everyone in the Lake District (where I live) has a totally unique accent which is a blend of all 4.
Derek Weir
Derek Weir 2 meses atrás
@Dunsapie exactly how the English are so ego-centric
Ian Williams
Ian Williams 2 meses atrás
@Jamie Wilson Modern Strathclyde is indeed in Scotland, but the original kingdom was a Welsh/Brythonic speaking Kingdom of Rheged, that predates both modern Scotland or England.
Ian Williams
Ian Williams 2 meses atrás
@writeract2 La Principessa Anne It was previously the Brythonic kingdom of Rheged. That Later split into two, before merging eventually into what is now the lowlands of modern Scotland to the north, and then Lancashire, Merseyside and Cheshire to the south. Rheged (Strathclyde) spoke a Brythonic language that was mutually intelligent with Welsh, and indeed we modern Welsh, refer to Strathclyde/Rheged, as 'Yr Hen Ogledd' (The Old North). The oldest Welsh Poetry, chronicles the period, in particular the decisive battle of Catraeth (modern Catterick), written by a Bard named Taliesin, who was from Rheged/Strathclyde. Many of the Mountains of North Wales are named after significant characters of the Kingdoms of Rheged, given it was a compatriot, and a previously neighbouring kingdom to the Kingdom of Gwynedd (mostly modern North Wales and West Wales), to where many people of the 'Old North', are believed to have fled and resettled after the battle of Catterick.
Syamsul
Syamsul 2 meses atrás
@Jamie Wilson Carlisle? the team who played in league one/div 03 english league yeahh
moondee lundee
moondee lundee 2 meses atrás
@TINELLO who gizza shit about miami? This comment and video is about motherf'kn engerland.
Lee Ebbrell
Lee Ebbrell 5 meses atrás
The Battle of Brunanburh happened on fields near my house, we have recently discovered stuff on fields there. When I heard of it I had no idea how big a deal it was. I live on the wirral south of Liverpool england
John Pavasars
John Pavasars 4 meses atrás
Thanks for this well made video :D It was clear and informative. Could you make a video about how Great Britain was formed, please?
GusArchives
GusArchives 3 meses atrás
Very insightful video indeed! Love and peace to my English neighbours from Scotland!
neil mac
neil mac 2 meses atrás
so you're the one who likes us!
☆ Y.R.F ☆
☆ Y.R.F ☆ 2 meses atrás
🙏
JP Turner
JP Turner 2 meses atrás
Very interesting…thank you for your research and outstanding presentation! I have subscribed to your channel and look forward to everything I will learn from your videos!👍🏽
Sheptonsmallet
Sheptonsmallet 2 meses atrás
Northern English words, names of towns and villages and structures are a surprising mix of Scandinavian and ango saxon words. Fascinating nation
CatMom
CatMom 5 meses atrás
I'm really enjoying the graphics showing the progression of conquered lands.
Pawel Tulik
Pawel Tulik 4 meses atrás
Came here because of Vinland Saga (a japanese anime, but such an amazing series, Holywood has NEVER attempted to cover such events and times). Technically, a very well made content. Well done!
sebastian coral
sebastian coral 3 meses atrás
Its not hollywood but The last kingdom on netflix covers this period of time
wjcharliee
wjcharliee 3 meses atrás
Excellent history! You definitely do an outstanding job! That recap at the end shows that you’re a master. Very rarely do I see other videos give a concluding remark. Intro body conclusion the three points of any good lecture. Keep up the good work👍💯🎯
Ura
Ura 3 meses atrás
Thanks, at school we literally completely skipped the dark ages. From Roman Britain to the Norman invasion we were taught nothing at school
Baboon Momma
Baboon Momma 2 meses atrás
I only got taught a tiny bit about Henry the 8th and the vikings
john fisher
john fisher 2 meses atrás
@Alwin Mitter I have mixed parentage, (German Mother, English Father) and this has always been my take on this sort of thing, but never provable. I suspect a lot of People voted leave in the Brexit referendum because the Germans where "doing better than the Brits" .
Alwin Mitter
Alwin Mitter 2 meses atrás
@Chris Strucker: to establish the narrative of a culturally and ethically advanced British identity Romanized Celts and French influence were better arguments than Anglo-Saxon origin. For reckless propaganda of two world wars had depreciated and distanced everything German so much, that any hint of own German origins was to be shamefully hidden.
Chris Stucker
Chris Stucker 2 meses atrás
My school didn’t teach us shit about the dark ages. I didn’t even know who Anglo Saxons actually were until a few years ago. Why on Earth would they skip the historical period in which our country was actually formed?
john fisher
john fisher 2 meses atrás
@Ura Its more what is decided on a schools curriculum,this is usually decided at national level by a senior member of your/my government. A nation can be brainwashed at a very early age with induced Patrisiam, or its learned at a individual level. In America its saluting the flag, in the UK its "God save the King/Queen." We are conditioned at an early age to follow our nation's history and regard ourselves as a force for good in the world.
Mark Hirstwood
Mark Hirstwood 4 meses atrás
England was founded in 449 CE by Hengist, a Jute. He made sure his forces settled at three main points to control the island and shipping routes: Kent, Tyneside and Hampshire. These and the others that came after, till about 600 CE, later known as the Anglo-Saxons (mostly Danish and Frisians) settled almost exclusively in the driest, sunniest parts of the island. Today, people still live within those tribal boundaries set by about 600 CE.
Miles Hunter
Miles Hunter 4 meses atrás
England was not founded then though. England had to be formed
MOHAMMED SHABBIR AHMED
MOHAMMED SHABBIR AHMED 2 meses atrás
Great video! Can you also shed some light on the loots and thefts they performed and colonizations , to become the England that they're now!! 😊
InsertUserName
InsertUserName 4 meses atrás
Excellent video. Extremely high quality and very informative. 10/10
Aurora Rain
Aurora Rain 2 meses atrás
Fascinating, thank you! I have often wondered how it all began.
Three Six Nine
Three Six Nine 3 meses atrás
Great video! England's consequent warlike impact on the world may be explained by having been invaded and influenced by so many alpha martial peoples. I love the island of Britain and feel more magic in the land there than anywhere else I've been.
TheClassicalSymphony
TheClassicalSymphony 2 meses atrás
@Peter Franklin trouble maker. I've had my say.
Peter Franklin
Peter Franklin 2 meses atrás
@TheClassicalSymphony My family and most of my friends and relatives identify as working class and don't behave as you suggest. I think the word for the people who behave as you suggest, is Chavs.
TheClassicalSymphony
TheClassicalSymphony 2 meses atrás
@Peter Franklin stop splitting hairs ...you know exactly what I mean.
Peter Franklin
Peter Franklin 2 meses atrás
@TheClassicalSymphony Your use of the term 'working class' is rather insulting. ' A small proportion of the working class would be more accurate.
TheClassicalSymphony
TheClassicalSymphony 2 meses atrás
@Three Six Nine crap....I'm Canadian....been living in England for decades , I know what you and your Greek friends mean: the working class people of England ALWAYS take their holidays in hot countries - these people are the worst of English society, most English people are polite. The best English tourists don't go to these tacky resorts in Greece, Portugal and Spain.
David Wong
David Wong 4 meses atrás
The idea for Westeros and the seven kingdoms, before England was unified it was literally 7 kingdoms
Mez Roth
Mez Roth 2 meses atrás
Nice documentary and nicely narrated. It would be nice if you could mention the dates on each event and perhaps display them . I got a little bit confused due to my dyslexia. 😕
Rory Fantasy
Rory Fantasy 2 meses atrás
As a brit, i am so happy to have such a rich history
Ý Trần
Ý Trần Mês atrás
This video is literally useful to me. Thank you!
Art_apex Art_Apex
Art_apex Art_Apex 2 meses atrás
Excellent video. Very well presented. However, I can speak for more than myself when mentioning Wales' activity. It kind of makes the whole video fall flat because it wasn't mentioned a single time. I think the story would've been a lot more informative considering they have a totally different language spoken by them to this day. How did they survive and sustain their culture amongst all this warfare? Where did their language originate from? Good story but no climax.
condorX2
condorX2 2 meses atrás
Nice documentary! The Viking completely changed them, from fighting for their homeland against invaders to become the invader themselves who colonized half the world and plundering all their riches. Here is nice article. The British East India Company seized Bengal in 1757 by force. Then the British forced the peasantry to handover their produce and engineered a famine in 1770 that killed a third of the population. Following that, there were 24 famines between 1850-1899 in different parts of the country, where tens of millions of people killed. From 1765 to 1938, Britain extracted 45 trillion pound sterling from India, which was effectively the down payment for the Industrial Revolution. In 1700, India had 25% of the world’s GDP. By 1950, they had only 4%. In 1943, during the WW II, Winston Churchill diverted food from Bengal to Britain, resulted in 3 million Indians deaths. When India got independent from the British, the literacy rate was just 14%. From the late 17th century to the 18th century, Britain smuggled opium into China to dope the population, a strategy to turn around a huge trade deficit, after the British could not find enough silver to pay the Qing government in their tea and porcelain trades. After opium was destroyed in salt water and ports were closed by the Chinese in ordered to curb opium, the British started the Opium War I, which China lost. Hong Kong was forced to be surrendered to the British. After 12 years, the British got really greedy. They demanded the Qing government: 1) To open the borders of China to allow goods coming in and out freely and tax free. 2) Make opium legal in China. After being rejected, the British and French, with support by the USA, started Opium War II with China, which again, China lost. The Anglo-French military raided the Summer Palace, an estimated 150,000 pieces of historic treasures with a 1900-year span from the first Qin Dynasty up to the Qing Dynasty were raided and many ended up in the British Museum in London. After the Summer Palace was burned down in 3 days, the Anglo-French military then threatened to burn the Imperial Palace. The Qing government was forced to pay with free trade ports, 300,000 kilograms of silver and the Kowloon district north of Hong Kong Island was taken. Since then, China’s resources flew out freely from the free trade ports. In the subsequent amendment to the treaties, Chinese people were sold overseas to serve as labor, famously known as “piglet labor”. Britain, a tiny country, had turned the two biggest economies in the world into poverty stricken slumps. China and India co-existed for 4000 years without problems. Buddhism originated in India and widely adopted in China. China sent Buddhist monks to India to learn Buddhism from India. When the British were preparing for India’s independence, an ambiguity was left behind at the border between China and India, and since then, it became the point of conflicts between China and India, including a war at the border in 1962. Divide and rule, is their tactic used over and over again. The British colonized my country Malaysia in 1786. During WW II, when the Japanese came to Malaya, the British fled the country, and the Malayan Communists were left behind to fight a gorilla warfare with the Japanese in the jungles. After the Japanese surrendered, the Malayan Communist fighters went back to towns. Then the British came back, surrounded the towns and mass murdered them. Before handed back to China, Hong Kong was ruled under an iron fist, but when Hong Kong was returned to China, the UK pushed for democracy in Hong Kong. There are many reasons for the empire’s successes. But one thing stands out: hypocrisy. -Zeis Siez
JOHNNY BLADE
JOHNNY BLADE 2 meses atrás
Never learned any of this in school. Great video, thanks for sharing this...👍
Afura33
Afura33 4 meses atrás
This is interesting, thank you, I came here cause the series Vikings made me wanna know more about how England was actually formed. So english people are basically mostly germans?
Uzaid Gurjee
Uzaid Gurjee 3 meses atrás
Not exactly. Modern day English people have mostly Celtic dna. The Germanic tribes integrated with the Celts. The Germanic tribes migrated from modern day Germany, Denmark and Netherlands. The vikings then later settled after they conquered what was called Danelaw. There were also the Norman french and Romans. Modern English people have around 60% Celtic dna. And it varies in places, some places are higher.
Peter Varcoe
Peter Varcoe 5 meses atrás
Good reading/viewing. I read George R. R. Martin and see some inspiration from the Wall and the Houses a few hundred years later. Later I found The Last Kingdom series and liked it more. Check out the books and/or TV series if you have time.
Steve Hanson
Steve Hanson 4 meses atrás
I know very little about history but I recently discovered that I'm directly descended from Brian Boru (941 - 1014) King of Ireland, so this was particularly interesting to me.
Prawda choć boli,to prawda was wyzwoli.
Really good video, thanks for hard work in making this video 😊😉.
askthepizzaguy
askthepizzaguy 5 meses atrás
See, kingdoms come and go. Seems like anyone can conquer anywhere, briefly. But whether or not a kingdom actually lasts depends on whether there can be a ruler that comes in and is actually good at governing in peacetime. Doesn't mean they have to be pacifists, they just need to be ready to defend the nation if needed, but not start pointless conflicts, and usher in an era of peace and prosperity. When a nation has an era where people actually have peace and prosperity, they care who rules them a lot more, and are a lot more willing to defend the peace. That makes their nation a lot harder to conquer. Peace is so necessary.
intheshadows
intheshadows 3 dias atrás
Great video, but I can't help but to think that England is once again under threat.
Chris Blanchard
Chris Blanchard 5 meses atrás
It’s a fact that most of Scotland matches exactly the rock formations in Newfoundland and Nova Scotia
pen is
pen is 4 meses atrás
@Jejdjdjd Mig the name is because there was many Scottish settlers that named it New Scotland in Latin. The geology of Nova Scotia and Scotland were only discovered centuries later. The Geology is the same as millions of years ago they were part of the same landmass on Pangea
Jejdjdjd Mig
Jejdjdjd Mig 5 meses atrás
If I’m not wrong “nova” is related to Latin meaning new and scotia sounds like scot so it would make sense for a place with the exact same land formation as Scotland to be named new Scotland
Full Metal Theorist
Full Metal Theorist 5 meses atrás
And there's a lot of people of Scottish decent there.
lerneanlion
lerneanlion Anos atrás
What I like about history of England is that the time of this nation's foundation is that it was so... mysterious and seemingly mystical. I mean, there are King Arthur, Merlin and the Knights of the Round Table used to being mention as part of the traditional history after all. So I guess that what made England's foundation fascinating in the first place. Due to how much mysterious and seemingly mystical it is.
melys melys
melys melys 3 meses atrás
Arthur belongs to the Brythonic culture not the cultural mix of the Anglo - Saxons, Normans etc which is the dominant culture in Britain today.
Big Chungus
Big Chungus 4 meses atrás
Alfred and Arthur were the best
SCINTILLAM DEI
SCINTILLAM DEI 5 meses atrás
@The Harlequin If you go back far enough, all people share common descent back to Adam and Eve, but not everyone mixes. The melting pot notion is false. I lived in Miami, and I know that societies are zoos where birds of a feather stick together most of the time.
The Harlequin
The Harlequin 5 meses atrás
@SCINTILLAM DEI what you mean West Bromwich Albion?
The Harlequin
The Harlequin 5 meses atrás
@wolfrainexxx what you mean West Bromwich Albion?
mintcoco
mintcoco 2 meses atrás
So basically out of all of the Aethels, Aethelstan wasn't only the King of the England but also the first ever stan of Aethel what an icon
Liam Colledge
Liam Colledge Mês atrás
The last kingdom covers this well and is an enjoyable watch
Sheila English
Sheila English 3 meses atrás
Really interesting to see how England was shaped - with a lot of warfare apparently! In all of this Wales just sits there quietly on the side - what was happening there?!
James husrt
James husrt 2 meses atrás
Hello Sheila,how are you doing today it’s nice to meet you here 😊
Stevo Grilla
Stevo Grilla 2 meses atrás
Not a lot, essentially a principality of England
Angela M.
Angela M. 4 meses atrás
Someone make this a series that was so exciting
jaynyce1980
jaynyce1980 Anos atrás
After watching The Last Kingdom on Netflix, this illustration helps to understand it all. King Alfred and Wessex really made this all possible.
Brandon Cook
Brandon Cook 4 meses atrás
Yep
bitTorrenter
bitTorrenter Anos atrás
@Anthony Leighton Alfred the Great, of Wessex, NOT 'England'
Adrian
Adrian Anos atrás
I just want to say what's up 🤷🏻‍♂️
nodding donkey
nodding donkey Anos atrás
@jaynyce1980 that’s why what’s up too?
Anthony Leighton
Anthony Leighton Anos atrás
That's why he was called King Alfred the Great.....
AJP
AJP 4 meses atrás
Finally after watching dozens of outstanding TV series of this erra do i understand 😀
Andy Cap
Andy Cap 5 meses atrás
It's refreshing to hear England mentioned at all. We hear plenty about Scotland, Wales and Ireland but very rarely England, which is odd considering it's by far the largest.
Jerry Lee
Jerry Lee 4 meses atrás
@Joromy Kerbin I kinda see your point. Now plz try to see mine. We citizens of the USA are called Americans for a reason. Brazilians and/or Canadians aren't called Americans. Why is that? Take a look at the name of their countries. No one has said America owns both continents. That's ignorant. It just boils down to jealousy because America is the strongest country in the American continents both financially and militarily.
Brandon Cook
Brandon Cook 4 meses atrás
@Joromy Kerbin You aren't very smart are you?
Brandon Cook
Brandon Cook 4 meses atrás
@Andy Cap Bro at least you aren't American. Our nation is literally falling apart we are so divided it ain't funny. Big country big problems.
Joromy Kerbin
Joromy Kerbin 4 meses atrás
@Jerry Lee No, but Brazil and Canada are part of South America and North America respectively. It is ignorant to act like one state within two different continents owns both continents.
Jerry Lee
Jerry Lee 4 meses atrás
@Joromy Kerbin It is accurate. What else should a country be called that has America as its last name? Never heard of Brazil America or Canada America.
David P
David P 4 meses atrás
This modern-day province of the United Kingdom certainly has an interesting history.
writeract2 La Principessa Anne
This was absolutely excellent.
kapil busawah
kapil busawah 9 meses atrás
I love this video. For the next history lesson, it would be great to have a timer in one of the corners so we can better appreciate the timeline between events
NB
NB 4 meses atrás
England as an identity really consolidated in the middle age in the 100 years war against the French. Same time the French also consolidated their National identity.
Mark Sherry
Mark Sherry 4 meses atrás
I wish they taught this simplified type of history of England in US classrooms. The US is far too insular. This even tells Americans of Irish and Scottish ancestry something of their own family histories.
Kody Young
Kody Young 5 meses atrás
The last kingdom was a great depiction of this time period
Whiskers Redwood
Whiskers Redwood 4 meses atrás
England has been pivotal in world history.
Sally Sturman
Sally Sturman 2 meses atrás
@condorX2 Hate on the Scandinavians then.
The Scally Trader
The Scally Trader 2 meses atrás
@Rick Simpson Why should they. That's how the world was back then. If it wasnt the British it would have been some other Country. Stop applying todays logic to things that happened 300 years ago
K n
K n 2 meses atrás
@The Scally Trader such as? All griefs for Rest of UK
condorX2
condorX2 2 meses atrás
Aye. The Viking completely changed them, from fighting for their homeland against invader to become the invader themselves who colonized half the world and plundering all their riches. Here is nice article. The British East India Company seized Bengal in 1757 by force. Then the British forced the peasantry to handover their produce and engineered a famine in 1770 that killed a third of the population. Following that, there were 24 famines between 1850-1899 in different parts of the country, where tens of millions of people killed. From 1765 to 1938, Britain extracted 45 trillion pound sterling from India, which was effectively the down payment for the Industrial Revolution. In 1700, India had 25% of the world’s GDP. By 1950, they had only 4%. In 1943, during the WW II, Winston Churchill diverted food from Bengal to Britain, resulted in 3 million Indians deaths. When India got independent from the British, the literacy rate was just 14%. From the late 17th century to the 18th century, Britain smuggled opium into China to dope the population, a strategy to turn around a huge trade deficit, after the British could not find enough silver to pay the Qing government in their tea and porcelain trades. After opium was destroyed in salt water and ports were closed by the Chinese in ordered to curb opium, the British started the Opium War I, which China lost. Hong Kong was forced to be surrendered to the British. After 12 years, the British got really greedy. They demanded the Qing government: 1) To open the borders of China to allow goods coming in and out freely and tax free. 2) Make opium legal in China. After being rejected, the British and French, with support by the USA, started Opium War II with China, which again, China lost. The Anglo-French military raided the Summer Palace, an estimated 150,000 pieces of historic treasures with a 1900-year span from the first Qin Dynasty up to the Qing Dynasty were raided and many ended up in the British Museum in London. After the Summer Palace was burned down in 3 days, the Anglo-French military then threatened to burn the Imperial Palace. The Qing government was forced to pay with free trade ports, 300,000 kilograms of silver and the Kowloon district north of Hong Kong Island was taken. Since then, China’s resources flew out freely from the free trade ports. In the subsequent amendment to the treaties, Chinese people were sold overseas to serve as labor, famously known as “piglet labor”. Britain, a tiny country, had turned the two biggest economies in the world into poverty stricken slumps. China and India co-existed for 4000 years without problems. Buddhism originated in India and widely adopted in China. China sent Buddhist monks to India to learn Buddhism from India. When the British were preparing for India’s independence, an ambiguity was left behind at the border between China and India, and since then, it became the point of conflicts between China and India, including a war at the border in 1962. Divide and rule, is their tactic used over and over again. The British colonized my country Malaysia in 1786. During WW II, when the Japanese came to Malaya, the British fled the country, and the Malayan Communists were left behind to fight a gorilla warfare with the Japanese in the jungles. After the Japanese surrendered, the Malayan Communist fighters went back to towns. Then the British came back, surrounded the towns and mass murdered them. Before handed back to China, Hong Kong was ruled under an iron fist, but when Hong Kong was returned to China, the UK pushed for democracy in Hong Kong. There are many reasons for the empire’s successes. But one thing stands out: hypocrisy. -Zeis Siez
The Scally Trader
The Scally Trader 2 meses atrás
@Rick Simpson such as... ?
Jules Forsyth
Jules Forsyth 6 meses atrás
I wish I had an explanation like this when I was at school. I would have understood it far better.
Oliver Sherman 2
Oliver Sherman 2 2 meses atrás
I love your channel keep up the great stuff!!!
Atomic Barbarian
Atomic Barbarian 2 meses atrás
This is my favorite period and region of history. There are thousands of interesting stories here.
英国の地理愛好家
Wessex : The childhood. England : The young adulthood. United Kingdom : The old adulthood.
Chris Stucker
Chris Stucker 2 meses atrás
Long live the Kingdom of Wessex!
hanzocloud
hanzocloud 2 meses atrás
@Robbie Craig the new generation is called United States of America
Robbie Craig
Robbie Craig 4 meses atrás
United Kingdom: past it's sell by date
Thomas Sugg
Thomas Sugg Anos atrás
Some facts about Anglo-Saxon culture, it was an elective absolute monarchy which meant even if you were the first born son that did not mean you would be king, as there was a meeting of elders called the Witan meaning the (Meeting of the wise men). Who would meet to elect the next king. Anglo-Saxon culture was all about honour and glory to your lord, If you were an English warrior and swore an oath of loyalty to your lord, you were expected to fight till the death for that lord no matter the cost.
Шон
Шон 21 dia atrás
@Cak Dwik balls
Jord Carter
Jord Carter 8 meses atrás
@SENTINAL your an angry little man aren't you !? 😂
Dirck the Dork-Knight
@Anden Möwe No its not
Sue Mackie
Sue Mackie Anos atrás
@Rachit Sah I’m on my fifth watch in 4 weeks lol
Andy Elliott
Andy Elliott Anos atrás
If you fought to the death then the cost was you got killed I suppose !
Marc Grow
Marc Grow 5 meses atrás
Nice video, very informative and I appreciate your time and effort. But you never addressed the Welsh at all throughout the time period. I liked hearing what the Scots and Irish were doing, would have loved to hear about the Welsh too. Overall very well done!
Marc Grow
Marc Grow 4 meses atrás
@Joromy Kerbin Joromy, I'm not from the UK and was not aware of what battles did or did not happen along the Welsh border since they weren't mentioned in this video. So thanks for sharing about the Battle of Conwy in 881, I hadn't heard of that and I enjoyed looking it up and learning more. Cheers!
Joromy Kerbin
Joromy Kerbin 5 meses atrás
To be fair it's a video about how England was created, although there were battles between the Anglo-Saxons and Welsh that were quite significant in that - not least the defeat of Mercia by Gwynedd at the Battle of Conwy in 881 which forced the Mercians to accept Alfred the Great's overlordship. They could have mentioned that for sure.
Marc Grow
Marc Grow 5 meses atrás
@STOKEALONA Did you watch the entire video? Scotland and Ireland were briefly represented as it pertained to the development of an intact England. The whole time Wales is visible but never mentioned. On a small island it is impossible for England to just "develop" without any interaction with the Welsh - good or bad. The English - Welsh boundary was never discussed as to how and when it was formed. I've been there, driven across the Welsh- English border several times. Pretty hard to talk about the formation of England without ever mentioning it's western border with Wales. Don't be such a POM.
STOKEALONA
STOKEALONA 5 meses atrás
it can never be an english thing can it, let’s talk about the other three nations like we always do
Hi Me
Hi Me 2 meses atrás
This a great video, I learn alot watching your videos and it has been helpful to me. building a steady income is quite difficult for newbies. Thanks to Mrs Sophia for improving my portfolio, keep up with good videos.
Roy Teo
Roy Teo 2 meses atrás
This period of English history is fascinating. They should make a TV series about it
Roy Teo
Roy Teo 2 meses atrás
@Tim Markell The BBC should do it. And perhaps cast Alexander Draymon as the lead
Tim Markell
Tim Markell 2 meses atrás
@Mike Hunt who are they?
Tim Markell
Tim Markell 2 meses atrás
Who are they?
Mike Hunt
Mike Hunt 2 meses atrás
@Tim Markell are...
Tim Markell
Tim Markell 2 meses atrás
Who is they?
Rude Boy01
Rude Boy01 5 meses atrás
How our current history is being devolved is heartbreaking. Great video 👍🤩
justmyself1000
justmyself1000 14 dias atrás
I would disagree about current history, "being devolved." I'm in my 6th decade of life and just in recent years learning some historical truths that in my generation were taught incorrectly. For example: here in Texas we were taught back in the day that Texas wanted to split from Mexico because Texas wanted to join the United States. Turns out, this is not true. Mexico had abolished slavery, and the early "Texans" wanted to keep slavery. The Boston Massacre went down differently that what we were taught in school and about 10 years ago when making a visit to Faneuil Hall in Boston...learned the truth. Also, we were taught that early Americans were not happy about taxation from England. I've since learned that the average person in England was paying much higher taxes. There are many other things that have come to light in recent years such as the Declaration of Secession drafted by each of the Confederate states to join the south in the civil war and in each Declaration clearly states that the individual state joined the Confederacy because of slavery...not what we were taught in Texas. And Texas Declaration of Secession clearly states it as well. So to me at least in light of truths with indisputable evidence have come out....I'd say that history has (evolved.)
Ηλίας Ilias
Ηλίας Ilias Anos atrás
Basically, English people are a mix of the Anglo-Saxons, native Britons and the Normans of the 1066 invasion. Anglo-Saxons and Normans are considered Germanic people while the Britons are Celtic people. Nevertheless, the history of the formation of England is interesting since it involves all the classic medieval lore, myths and tales. Although I'm Greek, I liked the English myths since childhood. Kings, knights, wizards, dragons, christian traditions like Holy Grail and more. An island with big impact in the world ,although sometimes negative to be honest. The greatest navy of the world of that time.
Noah Tyler Pritchett
Noah Tyler Pritchett 2 meses atrás
@virupaksha walla yes
virupaksha walla
virupaksha walla 2 meses atrás
@Noah Tyler Pritchett I think the vikings were established in Normandy
virupaksha walla
virupaksha walla 2 meses atrás
Think the Norman's were more bloody Vikings. The fookers got everywhere
imdbist
imdbist 2 meses atrás
Having read most of the comments in this thread I think there is only one thing we could all agree on. None of the current BAME people living in England can be called English. British they may be but English, NEVER.
Rosemerryn McMillan
Rosemerryn McMillan 2 meses atrás
@D M brvid.net/video/video-fbbSVjVWX-4.html
Ian High
Ian High 2 meses atrás
Excellent synopsis of the formation of England. Would be great if you could make a precursor, i.e. the Roman subjugation of the Celtic Tribes (Britons) and subsequent loss of central authority when the Romans left. The Romans actually established the cities and governance on the island that formed the basis for the kingdoms prior to Anglo-Saxon invasion / settlement, often by Germanic and Frankish mercenaries recruited to maintain control of the various Roman towns and their surrounding areas. 400 - 700 was the time when England, or Brittanica as the Romans called it, was heavily de-forested and the pre-feudal system of lords, earls and independent kingdoms was established, with power struggles between the civic ex-Romans, who had often inter-married with native Britons, along with their imported mercenary forces and the remnants of the old Celtic/Briton tribes. Tradition has it that the mercenaries, invited to England to repel Scotti and Pictish invaders, turned on their Romano-Briton rulers and started to settle the lands, having brought their families over to join them. Romano-Briton forces initially repelled these 'invaders' during the 5th century culminating in the victory of Mons Badonicus 500AD but renewed pressure in the late 6th century saw the Anglo-Saxons slowly extend their dominance over most of Brittanica. Many current place names in southern England (Angleland) derive from this time with the Anglo-Saxon language becoming prevalent giving us the East Saxons (Essex) , South Saxons (Sussex), East Angles (East Anglia, divided into NorthFolk- Norfolk and SouthFolk-Suffolk) , Middle Saxons (Middlesex) and, of course, West Saxons (Wessex). The culmination of these struggles established the Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy divided into the major kingdoms of Mercia (borderland), Northumbria (north of the Humber), Wessex, Essex, Sussex and Kent (corner lands). Wessex had managed to gain dominance, in the south prior to the Viking invasions - from whence you take up the tale. It should also be noted that this was not the end of the formation of England. Although firmly established as a kingdom in the mid 10th century, the next 200 years were even more important in the formation of English identity. Rivalry between the Anglo-Saxon kings of England and the Viking descendants in Denmark/Norway/Sweden, not to mention Vikings who had settled/conquered much of the coastlines of mainland Europe and Ireland would continue to play a major role. England was, for a time, conquered by the North Sea Empire of Sweyn Forkbeard, his son Cnut The Great who reigned as King Canute of England in the early 11th century and grandson Harthacnut (Canute II) who contended for the throne of England with the Wessex Kings Harold I, Edward the Confessor and Harold II This directly led to further instability culminating in 1066 with the unsuccessful invasion of by Harald II of Norway and successful invasion by William the Conqueror, Duke of Normandy, which started the Norman rule of England. William was himself descended from Viking invaders who had gained the territory of Normandy from the French King and led to the formation of the Angevin Empire which encompassed large parts of England and France, was the precursor to the Hundred Years War and formed the basis for the rivalry between England and France that existed for 1000 years. The time between 1000 and 1453 led to the identification of England (and it's subsequent transition to Great Britain and then the UK) as a nation separate from the continental European kingdoms. (Sorry, just found your Video on the Norman conquest of England ...)
C SH
C SH 2 meses atrás
I have always heard that the first united king of England. There is a reason that he is the only English/British monarch called the Great. For how well she reigned, how well -travelled, how unifying and stabilizing, for many other things, I think Elizabeth should also be called The Great.
Stuart C
Stuart C 2 meses atrás
Difficult to work out how the three lions of an Angevin king from hundreds of years later suddenly appear on a supposedly English flag of an Anglo-Saxon dynasty. Doesn't say much for the depth of knowledge of this channel
Steve Matchett
Steve Matchett 2 meses atrás
The three greatest monarchs in our entire 1200 year history (inc. "proto-England") are: Alfred the Great, King Athelstan & Edward the Third
sorel456
sorel456 Anos atrás
I'm sure this amount of history you covered could be told for hours. I thank you for the 10 min abridgement. do you teach at a University? I would love to subscribe myself to your lectures.
Frits van Zanten
Frits van Zanten 8 meses atrás
@Ian McGowan plenty of university professors use language like that ;-)
lemorab1
lemorab1 9 meses atrás
Yes, thank you for being succinct and to the point, transmitting the most valuable information! Most of the time, the long-winded You Tube history videos are exasperating because the narrator is more in love with the sound of his/her own voice than the history they are imparting. Also, I wonder if the author of the book "The Viking," upon which the 1958 Kirk and Tony movie is based, used the actual Northumbrian king Eric Bloodaxe (great name!) as inspiration for Eric the Viking in the book and movie?
justin preston
justin preston 9 meses atrás
@Ian McGowan it was sarcasm in case you missed it :p
Tom Thomassony
Tom Thomassony 11 meses atrás
@Ian McGowan engaging with an audience on BRvid is totally different to an academic lecture.
Ian McGowan
Ian McGowan Anos atrás
Very informative, but somehow ("The casualties was disastrously high") I doubt this is a university professor.
castlev1986
castlev1986 2 meses atrás
love how the vikings just sailed over & took land every time
Milo Eudy
Milo Eudy 4 meses atrás
I have always wondered how England became England and you did better then anything I could fond
Banana
Banana 6 meses atrás
I’ve never gone out of my way to watch history videos, however every time I see one I watch it
GonzoTehGreat
GonzoTehGreat 5 meses atrás
0:51 This video gives the impression that after the Romans left the Britons invited the Angles and Saxons into their country to help drive back invasions by the Picts and Scots. While it's true that some British Kings (Vortigern) probably did request assistance in exchange for payment, there's no evidence that this was the norm, or that such arrangements occurred on a large scale. Instead, like the Danes (and other Norse) who came afterwards, the mass immigration by Angles and Saxons was mostly motivated by the need to find fertile lands to settle and farm, so would've happened anyway.
andy grantham
andy grantham 4 meses atrás
Actually it was 937 AD when Aethelstan won the Battle of Brunanburgh against an army that was a coalition of Norse from Cumbria, Scots and Irish Norse. He had already united Mercia, Wessex and East Anglia and winning this battle he created the country of England that had been dreamt of by Alfred the Great. I am English and I have an interest in history so saying that is 927 is wrong.
James Conner
James Conner 2 meses atrás
Enjoyable, well done. But what struck me was how most "reigns" were less than 20 years. Thats not much time to solidify anything, only suppress opposition. Cross- marriages and strange bedfellows made a lot of sense if you going to get things done, but it sowed its own seeds of takeovers. History and law of the jungle had a lot in common.
Andy Farrell
Andy Farrell 2 meses atrás
Great video Small nit-pick - your Kingdom of Strathclyde should encompass much more land further north. All the way to the River Clyde funnily enough.
Mr. Grifter 84
Mr. Grifter 84 3 meses atrás
I find the history of the United Kingdom more interesting than the country itself, but yeah these videos are cool. So much info packed into short videos. Cheers mate.
oopsibrokethecow
oopsibrokethecow 10 meses atrás
I find the history of England utterly fascinating, and I feel like it's so overlooked. It had such an influence on SO many other parts of the world forming and it is hardly known about. It is also intriguing how much influence women had in formation of the UK in general, especially during centuries when women just didn't have any power to do so.
Шон
Шон 21 dia atrás
@François D'aureville you’re comment was almost perfect but then you said the french invaded and conquered england when france didn’t even exist back then it was the normans
Kriz Yamz
Kriz Yamz 4 meses atrás
@Five Star her own people rejected her
XXXTENTAClON
XXXTENTAClON 4 meses atrás
@O V What’s truly fascinating is that you’ve managed to be bitter enough to find your way onto a video about English history, for the sole purpose of complaining about them. Certified hater
Lynx South
Lynx South 5 meses atrás
@The Harlequin Which study shows how they figured out how to differentiate the Viking DNA from the Anglo-Saxon DNA, please? Until now, the two were so similar, no one could tell them apart, so if substantiated, this is big news.
Five Star
Five Star 5 meses atrás
yeah, they had a female leader over 1000 years ago, pretty cool!
Michael smith
Michael smith 4 meses atrás
My question has always been where were the “britons” during all this? At some point did they just mix with the anglosaxins and were just considered one big group
Nono Zebra
Nono Zebra 6 meses atrás
The last kingdom on Netflix and the Vikings on history channel are good resources to learn all this Good info, thanks
Joseph van Wyk
Joseph van Wyk 4 meses atrás
Wow. This was great, Now this is Game of Thrones. When something is done with professionalism, creativity and care, it travels fast. Imagine this as a series, unlike the Vikings.
Kogi Ndogo
Kogi Ndogo 4 meses atrás
The first vikings that landed in England, especially in Lindisfarne, was Danish - most likely from Roskilde - not Norwegian
Scott Heaton
Scott Heaton Anos atrás
Bernard Cornwell's Last Kingdom series is a wonderful historical fiction through this period.
The Harlequin
The Harlequin 5 meses atrás
it's a bit confusing though
Yemi Sajuyigbe
Yemi Sajuyigbe 6 meses atrás
The best.
Jeff Ebdy
Jeff Ebdy 7 meses atrás
Destiny is all!
claudia siebert
claudia siebert 8 meses atrás
@Fabio Riccardo from the viking invasion untill King Alfred's children governing Wessex and Mercia
Francisco Octavius
Francisco Octavius 9 meses atrás
And the show isn’t bad either
Ishmael
Ishmael 2 meses atrás
I'm here because I'm watching the Last Kingdom on Netflix at the moment. Very clear video. Thanks.
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