How to Speak

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MIT How to Speak, IAP 2018
Instructor: Patrick Winston
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Patrick Winston's How to Speak talk has been an MIT tradition for over 40 years. Offered every January, the talk is intended to improve your speaking ability in critical situations by teaching you a few heuristic rules.

00:16 - Introduction
03:11 - Rules of Engagement
04:15 - How to Start
05:38 - Four Sample Heuristics
10:17 - The Tools: Time and Place
13:24 - The Tools: Boards, Props, and Slides
36:30 - Informing: Promise, Inspiration, How To Think
41:30 - Persuading: Oral Exams, Job Talks, Getting Famous
53:06 - How to Stop: Final Slide, Final Words
56:35 - Final Words: Joke, Thank You, Examples

License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA
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Publicado em


19 Dez 2019



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Comentários 5 525
MIT OpenCourseWare
MIT OpenCourseWare 2 anos atrás
For more on the life and work of Professor Winston (1943-2019), visit
___GRIG ___
___GRIG ___ 2 anos atrás
A summary of the whole talk. Save, read, use... Enjoy!
Guru RamN Bambel
Guru RamN Bambel 12 horas atrás
Repeating it:
My Ruger
Being an only child, and living without parents alone for years has definitely degraded my ability to speak effectively to crowds especially in a teaching scenario. My job has kept me away from people for years and now I’m going to be training people! I said lord help me and here we are. Best of the best, thank you professor Winston.
Susanna Su
We are grateful that MIT is making lectures like this available to the general public. Allowing Professor Patrick Winston's teaching to reach people beyond the institution, in essence transferring his knowledge to our world beyond his lifetime.
I read "On to C" back in college in 1999. It was a super coherent introduction to the C programming language. I remember being really impressed with how the author packaged the information up so effectively. Here I am 22 years later watching this video, and lo and behold, it's the same Professor Winston that wrote that book. What a mind! We're so lucky to have access to the knowledge he left behind.
Ar9 90
Ar9 90 Anos atrás
We are lucky that we live in an age where we can watch/listen to something like this for free
Gordon Alley
Sitting here alone watching this recorded presentation on my desktop computer, without thinking I automatically began to applaud along with the audience. He made what could have been a mundane topic very educational. I'm not a student -- I'm 74 years old.
He's wonderful. He started by giving everyone confidence that they can succeed at communicating.
Rest in peace Patrick. What an amazing course, I'm glad I could spend an hour learning about this from you, along with now over 10 million other viewers. Amazing.
Ayano Tanabe
Serious I wouldn’t have ever imagined we can be as if we are attending an actual MIT lecture back in the 2000s. This is a gift and I think others who are interested in higher education and couldn’t attend due to, let’s say financial reasons can see and learn and even feel what it would feel like to be in class.
Zacharias Orfanos
Zacharias Orfanos 21 dia atrás
Been telling my students for years to never finish a talk with “thank you for your attention”. He explains why. And so much more. What an amazing lecture.
Team MindShift
Team MindShift Anos atrás
Prof Winston had a profound effect on my life. I was an Electrical Engineering major when I took Prof Winston's Introduction to AI class in the early 80s. I still remember the excitement I had in his class over almost 40 years later. That course led me to do my Master thesis using AI and EE together and then go on to get a Ph.D. in Computer Science with an emphasis in AI at CMU. That one course changed my trajectory in life. Thank you, Prof Winston, so sorry to see you go. To his family, he made a difference in mine and so many other's lives.
A Pile Of Triangles
I'm glad modern technology was able to preserve this man's wisdom, so I can still have the pleasure of learning from him. Rest in peace.
Zumra Ozturk
R.I.P Prof.Winston.
It is interesting that his subject of "heaviness" or "not enough air" can be applied to jazz music. When soloing/improvising you don't want to fill every space you possibly can. You need to allow the listener time and space to digest. Same with his "cycling ideas" idea. During soloing you want to repeat themes to draw the listener back in. Great talk.
Guitar MD
I have pretty severe ADHD and watched this entire lecture. And was really shocked that I did. What was especially interesting was how my perception of him changed from the beginning to the end. I started off with my head in the clouds as I usually do, and when he mentioned the importance of repetition because most people will be in a fog at multiple points during a presentation, my ears perked up. Suddenly I felt like this went from a normal lecture to something a lot deeper.
James Alexander
The use of the techniques he’s teaching while he’s teaching them in a thoughtful manner was amazing. Asking a question about what another good way for an audience to re-engage is (the answer to which was asking a question) was next level brilliant!
Sir Humphrey Appleby
Sir Humphrey Appleby 2 anos atrás
We're so lucky that this gem of a lecture was captured before he died. Now he can deliver this talk every year, just like he did before.
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