Battle of Spercheios, 997 ⚔️ How to wage war on two fronts ⚔️ Basil II, the Bulgar Slayer (Part 3) 

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🚩 Basil had successfully stabilized the empire after the civil war, exacerbated by the conflict with the Fatimids in Syria. Samuel of Bulgaria took advantage of the situation to invade the Byzantine Empire in the west. Meanwhile, the Fatimids were preparing to push Romans out of Syria. Emperor Basil now faced a fight on two fronts against two formidable opponents. In this episode we will show the Battle of Spercheios (997 AD) and the Battle of Apamea (998 AD), as Basil tries to organize his army to stave off multiple incursions into Byzantine territory.
🚩 Basil II Playlist: • Basil II, the Bulgar S...
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🚩 Big thanks to History Rhymes for collaborating with me on this video: / @historyrhymes1701
📢 Narrated by David McCallion
🎼 Music:
Instinct - Bensound
Impact Allegretto - Kevin MacLeod
Crypto - Kevin MacLeod
Epidemic Sounds
Volatile Reaction - Kevin MacLeod
#history #documentary #medieval

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29 Set 2023



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Comentários : 476   
@HistoryMarche 2 meses atrás
Hey guys! No Live premiere today. My father had a life-threatening medical emergency and the past week has been a sleepless and stressful time. But I promise to give you guys a Live Premiere next weekend. I hope you will enjoy Basil Part 3.
@robbstark3316 2 meses atrás
No sweat family is too important.
YES! More of Byzantium's greatest Emperor! Love your work🎉🎉🎉🎉❤❤❤
Wish your father all the Best and that he recovers. God bless You and your family
@aveekmanna912 2 meses atrás
Wish yr father a speedy recovery Just want to req u to complete the hannibal series
@ancorgarciaalvarez 2 meses atrás
I hope he can get well soon. All my love and strenght towards you and your loved ones
@huejaynus6750 2 meses atrás
Wow, its incredible that the tide of battle can turn that quickly. You would think to have your guard up and not get speared before the fighting is over.
@chrisrace744 2 meses atrás
He wasnt the sharpest...
@mikerodrigues9822 2 meses atrás
@@chrisrace744Unlike the spear.
@matth3002 2 meses atrás
@@mikerodrigues9822 beat me to it
@celdur4635 2 meses atrás
He thought the battle was over.
@razvanonero 2 meses atrás
The play is not over until the final whistle. Everybody knows that.
@pseudomonas03 2 meses atrás
Basil II, as all the great leaders in History, had the important ability to choose the right collaborators. His staff included some brilliant military minds like Nikephoros Ouranos, who won the Battle of Spercheios, while the Basileus was in the meantime in Syria.
@vitorpereira9515 2 meses atrás
Basil II was a notable Emperor and a worthy sucessor of Augustus who left a lasting impact on the history of the Roman Empire. His military victories, internal reforms, and efficient governance secured his position as one of the Roman Empire's most prominent leaders and contributed to the stability and prosperity of the empire during his reign.
@miracleyang3048 2 meses atrás
He was no successor of Augustus
@mevlanisufi2100 2 meses atrás
​@miracleyang3048 Not a direct successor, of course, but He was ruling the same empire that Augustus found in 27 BC.
@bingingbinging8597 2 meses atrás
@@mevlanisufi2100same empire? Where’s Gaul, Hispania Northern Africa, Italy, Syria, palestina!?
@miracleyang3048 2 meses atrás
@@mevlanisufi2100 they didn't thought of it like that. They thought of Constantine as their state founder
@Sandouras 2 meses atrás
@@bingingbinging8597you’re being intentionally obtuse.
@josephherrera6656 2 meses atrás
It fascinates me that a general could be so stupid in not having a group of bodyguards during a battle and how fast the retreating army was able to find out the emeny general is dead and then do a 180 and win.
@constantinexii8182 2 meses atrás
This video shows it but people don't understand it,as you could see Damian won many battles against the fatimids and qonquered cities, and while taking cities the people welcomed him as a hero, so he became more confident so it wasn't stupidity that lost him this battle but overconfidence
@KoflerDavid 2 meses atrás
He probably had... but he assumed that they would come to surrender, assumed they would thusly not use their weapons, let his guard down, and a fine commander suffered a sudden death.
Boldness and daring can achieve much
@historyafficionado478 2 meses atrás
If I wrote about a officer and his sons riding out to kill the enemy commander and turning the tide of a lost battle after the army had fled and only a small contingent resisted,people would call me a madman…
@francisbrewster4948 2 meses atrás
Yes, if his presence is so important to morale in the army.... he should recognize that his own protection is important --- yes he needs a bodyguard ---- yes he should be more cautious with enemy horsemen & less trusting or naive
I have been waiting long for another Basil episode! That man was a machine when it came to restoring the empire!
@jmeatball8799 Mês atrás
Please more Basil episodes! You guys do such a great job with telling history, I look forward to what happens next
@Moon-li9ki 2 meses atrás
I think Basil II is the best eastern roman emperor ever. Inherited an empire in civil war and being invaded by 2 fronts, and left it in double in size and the hegemon of the mediterranean
@user-cg2tw8pw7j 2 meses atrás
Naqour II laughs hard 😂😂😂😂😂😂😂😂😂😂
@Iamnotracistlmao 2 meses atrás
Yes he is indeed the best Emperor of Eastern Rome. His reign was the golden age of the empire
@matheuzin4560 10 dias atrás
Konstantinos VII>>>>
@g.sergiusfidenas6650 2 meses atrás
"Can you stop triggering ambushes while I am gone?"- Basil II
@HistoryMarche 2 meses atrás
@user-vo1uc3bh7t 2 meses atrás
A heartfelt thank you for your outstanding work. The professional quality of your videos is consistently improving, and that hasn't escaped my notice. Your commitment to engaging and clear historical storytelling is admirable. Keep up the fantastic work!😀
@byzantinetales 2 meses atrás
Happy to see that the story of Basil II is getting known far and wide!
@joshlesure3196 2 meses atrás
You've done an awesome job with this series, I'm really enjoying learning about Basil II and this time period! Looking forward to the next video!
@lucasferrer1980 2 meses atrás
A nice touch of the Byzantine Empire named on the map as the Roman Empire as the people living there called themselves Romans (Rhomaioi) because they're basically the continuation of Roman Legacy.
@Dogmeat1950 2 meses atrás
I mean they really were, They still had Latin names and for a time Roman Legion till about 640 AD almost 200 years after the West Fell. Byzantium is a political word. Eastern Roman Empire are still very much Romans.
@odalv316 2 meses atrás
Nah, Americans and most of the world do not know of Byzantine. They are trying to simplify it for certain audiences.
@georgistoyanov7588 2 meses atrás
If just the Bulgarians and Byzantines stoped fighting for more than 400 years and become ally, protect their flangs, made trade and economic progress between each other the destine of the two empires would be different.
@kostasmpyras 27 dias atrás
I love the series on Basil II, easily one of the best Eastern Roman emperors.
@davidblair9877 2 meses atrás
Basil II was arguably the greatest emperor of the Macedonian Dynasty. He was also arguably the one most responsible for its fall. His failure to produce or designate a successor doomed the Empire to that favorite of Roman pastimes: bloody and destructive civil war.
8:58 they actually briefly mention Tyre's revolt in Lebanese history textbooks when discussing the Fatimid rule over Lebanon
@KHK001 2 meses atrás
Another great video, HM! Also, wish your father a speedy recovery.
@nathanhull8302 2 meses atrás
What an embarrassing defeat. Crazy how much the life of the commander matters
@zertyuz 2 meses atrás
Fantastic as always. Thank you for your hard work. David McCallion is very talented!
@Martins3945- 2 meses atrás
Idk if it's possible but I think it would be cool if you also added a brief view of the armor and weapons used by the respected nation at the talked about time period and battle
@joaomarcelo7708 2 meses atrás
The number of lovely red and purple squares being destroyed because of arrogance and lack of discipline is truly infuriating.
@williamromine5715 2 meses atrás
This is the first time that a video referred to the use of mules by mounted troops. Using mules actually makes sense. They have more stanima(sp) than horses, and require less feed. Their only real down side is that they are sterile.
@jackdonith 2 meses atrás
Mules were used a lot in WWII, where roads and fuel were practically non existent. They proved extremely useful.
@GildedPoo 2 meses atrás
Can we take a moment to admire how people of old named cities? Some of these cities sound so much cooler than many of the city names we come up in more modern times.
@The_ZeroLine 2 meses atrás
Basil’s a great example of the proverb “if you want something done right...” but Gregory was a failure of his choice in an appointments. Anyway, I am a huge fan of impeccably executed marches. Incredibly fast long distance marches that don’t result in mutiny or a blown out army are always epic and rightfully seen as massive accomplishments.
@doritofeesh 2 meses atrás
"If they are there, then the devil must have carried them. Such marching is impossible." - Duc de Vendome Honestly, I do not actually think that such a march is possible. I often hear references of such ridiculous marches. One by Scipio, which was some 280 miles in 7 days. One by Caesar, which was 1,300 miles in 27 days. This one by Basil, which was 765 miles in 16 days. Yet, with more modern historiography, we know that a pace such as 40 miles per day cannot be done for any longer than short bursts, lest the men are rendered beyond exhausted. Such marches, as told of in the ancient sources, are nothing more than fantasy which would leave the army destroyed by disease and desertion. Even Genghis Khan's army only ever moved so fast across long distances at an average pace of 15 miles per day, judging from the dates of occurrences throughout the Khwarezmian Campaign. Personally, I think that the time was likely double what the ancient sources give, which would still render the feats as truly incredible, but actually realistic.
@zippyparakeet1074 2 meses atrás
​@@doritofeeshhis men rode, not marched on foot and they took the Roman roads that cut through the Anatolian heartland from Nicaea -> Ancyra -> Caesarea -> Antioch through Cilicia and then to Syria (Aleppo). The still maintained Roman roads and advanced Byzantine logistics definitely gave them an advantage in marching through their own lands when compared to say the Mongols marching through wild steppes.
@doritofeesh 2 meses atrás
@@zippyparakeet1074 Ahh, thanks for filling me in. Now that makes a lot more sense. I was wondering whether his army was made up of all cavalry forces. I think he might have relied on forage taken during the march and not have established lines of communications until he reached Antioch, as even if the mounts themselves might be able to carry the men so fast in such a short time, supply carts cannot feasibly keep up without breaking down.
@constantinexii8182 2 meses atrás
Constantine Diogenes won his battles in Macedonia unlike Gregory
@zippyparakeet1074 2 meses atrás
He planned his march thoroughly and supplies were laid out at strategic locations along the route. Remember, this was a march across his own Empire, not through enemy lands.@@doritofeesh
@AydinGerayoglu 2 meses atrás
Bulgarian history very good 🇦🇿❤🇧🇬
@user-sc5iv2rp2t Mês atrás
I love how by the time of Basil Greek surname system has fully evolved with family names continuing to this day.
@user-cg2tw8pw7j Mês atrás
Roman: Go, you stupid servant, do not forget yourself
Really, it was an informadible introduction episode about Byzantine struggle for protecting its Sovereigns during Bassel II rule..against Bulgarian and Fattimate Caliphate at 964 AD ....thank you respectful 🙏 ( history Marche)channel for sharing..
@jasonthompson6594 2 meses atrás
How long will we have to wait for the next one? Love the series btw.
@tadijastankovic4350 2 meses atrás
The only bad thing about Basil II was that the Byzantines had small provinces with garison troops called the Themata and it combine millitary and civil administration before Basil the II there was 31 Thematas but after Basil it was 58 Thematas and he focused more on the field army instead of the garrison troops who were now streched thin
@Iamnotracistlmao 2 meses atrás
During Basil's reign this system was effective due to the sheer speed of Basil's movement but after his reign this system failed yes
@tylerellis9097 2 meses atrás
Yeah Basils setup of small garrisons everywhere proved unsustainable and was reduced to regional command points in fortified cities in the conquered areas. Smaller themes continued to be made in the east but they were either needed key fortified points under a doux or grouped together under a Doux.
It would not be long as the roman emperor will slap the wrong bulgarian noble resuming the restoration on the bulgar empire and his brother Kaloyan will become the Romeoktone , roman slayer , and latin slayer also 😅
@spenceralbin344 2 meses atrás
Good video about a story I had never heard of before. Well Done.
@unknownmale9486 2 meses atrás
Ah Basil the Bulgar Slayer. Nice to see Part 3.
@patvonrodrigues44 2 meses atrás
Sir . Your videos provide and explain many historical events and give good knowledge about it. So here is my kind request to you to make an video on Gupta empire of india who repelled huns invasion and defeated them. i ask you this because most people only know about huns invasion of Europe with their Victories and defeats but they don't know properly about their invasion of indian subcontinent. I Hope you will listen to my kind request and will put some light on this fading history. Thank you
@lerneanlion 2 meses atrás
After this war is done, will a video about how the lives of the peoples who resided in the Theme of Bulgaria will looked like? After all, they just got conquered and absorbed into the Roman Empire.
May God bless you and your family. Hope your father recovers. And as suggestion please consider doing a video on James the Conqueror of Aragón
@ermine1448 2 meses atrás
Love your content never stop!
@arturleperoke3205 2 meses atrás
Good generalship and discipline seem to be two things that do set classical period roman and „byzantine“ armies apart
@thomaslinville1508 2 meses atrás
Is it true that you haven't done the Battle of Bosworth yet?? I'd love to see that one!
@anasioannis566 2 meses atrás
Another excellent work! ❤
@kylevictorwilliams 2 meses atrás
I've been waiting weeks for this to come out! Thanks @HistoryMarche
@kylevictorwilliams 2 meses atrás
Sorry about your father. I could've waited another 6 months.
@user-fi3oh3qh7e 2 meses atrás
Good work. How many episodes there are with Basil II?
@robbabcock_ 2 meses atrás
Fantastic work! ⚔🔥🙌
@DustinBarlow8P Mês atrás
Imagin how happy Basil would be if you where one of his nobles, or even one of his sons, and you actually compotent? It seems he just had a bunch of buffoons surrounding him, and had to do everything himself. If you could have crushed the Fatimids without Basil having to come all the way across the Empire, he probably would have made you crown prince immediately.
@user-cg2tw8pw7j Mês atrás
The Fatimids were very, very strong, but their numbers were few, but the Romans at that time numbered 13 million people, and they could not defeat Bulgaria or the Fatimids. This was very, very embarrassing.
@stevekook-xw3is 21 dia atrás
​@@user-cg2tw8pw7jGod daaaaamn u for real? I can't believe they were 13m people. No wonder in most wars Vs Bulgaria they had more men at the field. So lucky Kievan Rus managed to best Bulgaria tho. Otherwise they were getting their are handed to them from worse to worse as the years went by. In 680 they lost but it was Okey. About 250 years later they had to hide behind the capital city walls because the whole Balkans were very much at the mercy of Bulgaria. Tsar Samuel probably didn't had an elite army and I assume the proper army was lost in the former years at time of Tsar Peter. After all much would have been lost. Not that Tsar Samuel started from scratch but still. East Rome always had enough people to gather up a new army despite the old 1 being butchered down bad. It's like they always get another chance to fight because their capital could not be conquered by Bulgaria and they got so much population in Asia minor.
@Supp374 2 meses atrás
Nice video mate! Love the videos about Ottoman Expansions into ballans
@sranvujnovic5409 2 meses atrás
The Basil series has featured more defeats than victories, in the old and tried Byzantine tradition XD
@constantinexii8182 2 meses atrás
Bruh the battle of spercheios almost coated the tsar his life while also killing 15.000, now in the east basil II won many victories in Syria and after him dalassenos won battles aswell before apamea when dalassenos "lost" basil went to Syria destroyed the fatimids, and vassalized all of Syria don't let puny battles and ambushes distract you from reality
@stefanvella9807 2 meses atrás
The Leader should have been with his army in keeping their moral up and encouraging them and not stayed back on the other side of the river. And even if he wasn't killed , history is littered with battles where chased fleeing enemies stop, quickly regroup and turn around charging from an advantagious position at those chasing them.
@theawesomeman9821 2 meses atrás
HBO should make a historical drama series for the Byzantine Empire like they did for Rome.
@thegreekguy1124 2 meses atrás
Let's hope part 4 comes out soon
@coyote4237 2 meses atrás
Thank you. Great content.
@CatastrophicFox 2 meses atrás
I've been waiting for this episode, glad it's here 😊😊
@tmanw4796 2 meses atrás
Go look up the ruins of Apamea. Just truly crazy cool stuff!
@brokenbridge6316 2 meses atrás
Basil II is such a curious character and yet some of his policies with his family helped lead to the end of his dynasty. So I'd say he's the best n worst of the Macedonian Dynasty.
@matheuzin4560 10 dias atrás
The rulers of this dinasty was often Bad, i mean really really terrible, Alexander was a drunkard proto-kinslayer, Basil i was a despisable being that betrayed His emperor and almost slayed His son,, Konstantinos VIII was Just mid too be honest but His actions together with Basil sealed the Makedonien dinasty fate
@brokenbridge6316 10 dias atrás
@@matheuzin4560---Yeah I won't argue with that
@MrNaKillshots 2 meses atrás
These are excellent presentations.
@crazyhercules9442 2 meses atrás
Finally!😭 Been waiting for this for months.. thank you🥺
@angrydoggy9170 27 dias atrás
So many times in history it would appear that mediocre to weak generals had to be appointed to prevent someone getting strong enough to challenge the ultimate leadership. That yes-man culture remains in business and politics to this day.
Your videos never stop beign Amazing! When things are better with your father can you please cosider doing a video on Abd al-Rahman? The father of muslim Spain, his life is really fascinating and the battles epic!
@matthewryan7775 2 meses atrás
Oh man I love basil! Too bad capressi season is over 😢
@uthoshantm Mês atrás
This emperor must not have had much sleep in his life.
@ah7maw265 2 meses atrás
OMG, a Kurdish officer changing the tide of the war is very surprising to me, considering our small population. I don't know what to say, but I'm so surprised that I've never heard about my nation being mentioned before. Thank you for the video; please keep up the good work.
@AliSyed711 2 meses atrás
Salahuddin Yusuf ibn Ayyub was Kurdish. He’s one of the famous Muslims, rulers and commanders of all time.
@ah7maw265 2 meses atrás
@@AliSyed711 Well... Yes there are no doubts that Salah Al din was Kurdish but beside Salah Al din , this unknown Kurdish officer is my second time seeing a Kurdish in a history channel, hey are you Kurdish or something? Regardless thanks for mentioning the great Salah Al din
@AliSyed711 2 meses atrás
@@ah7maw265 I’m not Kurdish, but I’m interested in Islamic history, of which Kurds are an integral part. Other notable Kurds that I know of include Ibn al-Athir, Al-Kamil, Shirkuk and as-Salih Ayyub.
@mm-ir1ii 2 meses atrás
actually, I read about this in an article by Al Jazeera there are even more incidents in that article involving great Kurdish warriors
@kevinboyle538 2 meses atrás
Excellent series.
@beachboy0505 2 meses atrás
Excellent video 📹 1 person changes a battle outcome
@ethanpf449 2 meses atrás
Amazing two battles in one video
@velvet6923 2 meses atrás
I kinda feel like i heard this story a few times, a great general being successful in a campaign only to then fight on another fron and by the time he defended it and wanted to start a campaign against them his man on the other front a incapable of defending their position and he needs to abandon the campaign and travel back I swear i heard stories lile this so many times by now XD
@thomaswagner4457 2 meses atrás
I hope your father is okay and recovers fast for you and your family.
@luka50 2 meses atrás
@Hartofilax 2 meses atrás
I like it how according to communist's fiction Macedonian History (FYROM) Samuel was a Macedonian emperor. Which is funny because Basil II was from the Macedonian dynasty. Of course neither Basil II nor Samuel considered themselves "Macedonian" and what is even more funny is that when Basil II finally conquered the last remaining parts of Bulgaria (the western part where Macedonia is) he called the new Byzantine Theme there "Bulgaria" LOL. Not to mention that if would be ironic to fight decades of war against the supposedly Macedonian kingdom and then be called "Bulgar-slayer". But yet - facts are not the strongest point in the newly invented Macedonian "History"
@DelijeSerbia 2 meses atrás
Of course Samuel didnt consider himself Macedonian, when he was in fact Armenian. Yeah that is often the fact that Bulgarians dont want to accept because it clearly shows that it was just a title.
@Hartofilax 2 meses atrás
And your evidеnce for Samuel being Armenian is like exactly zero because such does not exists. Just because the name of his mother was popular in Armenia is not evidence it's pure speculation. Even if he was ethnically Armenians he was tsar of Bulgaria and his state was Bulgarian, and he definitely saw himself as ruler of Bulgaria and Bulgarian. Not Armenian, Not Macedonian, Not Chinese or Serbian. @@DelijeSerbia
@Vampirewolfking 2 meses atrás
The Macedonian dynasty of Basil was from Thrace, where the province of Macedonia was located.
@ivanmilanov8386 11 dias atrás
@@DelijeSerbia I the middle ages that actually didn't matter :D.
@matheuzin4560 10 dias atrás
​@@Vampirewolfkingmakedonian Family was lrobably as almost every Byzantine noble house Armenian But was so hellenized that doesn't Matter tbh
@Rolilasx 29 dias atrás
May I ask why did you stop the Hannibal series? It was really good.
@juanthegreat3954 2 meses atrás
Good videos as always
@prosagon 2 meses atrás
Wish your father get well soon. Health and happiness to everyone!!!!
@Mustang-wt1se Mês atrás
Basil playing whack-a-mole with his generals who are busy snatching defeat from the jaws of victory
@explorer1968 Mês atrás
The last of the greatest Roman emperors!!!
@europeinanutshell 2 meses atrás
I recommend the battle of Durbe OR Raseiniai because those are easy... OR Rossbach
@pandoraeeris7860 2 meses atrás
Wait until they meet his brother, Oregano III, and their father Thyme!
@anselmdanker9519 2 meses atrás
Wishing your father a quick recovery.
@carlustin4034 2 meses atrás
I am Bulgarian and I like Basil II Porphyrogenitus. He deserves all respect as very smart leader. He started being called Bylgaroktonos (Bulgar slayer)by Byzantine chronists 200 years after his death for propaganda reasons. The Bulgarian kingdom was restored by then and was advancing in Byzantia. They needed to lift their spirits and wrote about the battle of Cleydon-Kluch. Also, that propaganda nickname was used wildly during the Balkan wars and the First World War. Allies liked it and spread it. Basil II was a very dignified man he called the conquered province Bulgaria . He kept that name. He downgraded the Bulgarian Patriarchate to the archbishopric but kept the name Bulgarian. He also used Bulgarian clergy to baptize Kievan Rus . They preached in Slavic Bulgarian and had the bible translated into Bulgarian. Much easier if they tried to use Greek. This great strategist, diplomate and administrator always used all his potential with perfect timing. Such a gifted man.He did when conquered the First Kingdom of Bulgaria. Even after the battle of Cleidon Bulgaria was very powerful. After Samuel's death his son Gavril Radomir became king Few years later Gavril Radomir was killed by his cousin Ivan Vladislav. The Bulgarian kingdom stood strong and growing. After Cleidon expanded in North fully conquering Serbia. Ivan Vladislav was killed during his siege of Dures on Adriatic cost. The heir was a minor 5-6 years old. And there was another heir from his cousin in Hungary (Gavril Radomir son of Hungarian princes) . Basil II rushed from the other end of the Empire and bribed all Regents to be. They accepted his suzerainty. They preferred money and peace under Basil II to civil war. That was the end of the First Bulgarian Kingdom. Another interesting fact is that Basil II and Samuel of Bulgaria both were of Armenian origin. No Byzantine Emperor-born Porphyrogenitus would like to be called another way. Basil II was much more civilized than modern chauvinists and nationalists. In Byzantine Empire blinded those who were considered Byzantian rebels. So he considered Bulgarians and treated them as rebels who separated from the Byzantine Empire.That gave him so much room to maneuver in negotiations with Bulgarian counts. Later, He acted as they returned to the Empire. He used all means political and military to win. How smart? I do not like when he is presented only as a ruthless butcher, slayer, and only military man. His personality was much richer than that. It is 100 years after the First World War. If he was only a butcher he would be as great as Pol Pot or Sadam Husein or Gadafi.
@user-kp9od1jn1z 2 meses atrás
Yes, the title “Bulgarslayer” does him so much wrong.
@Proud2bGreek1 2 meses atrás
If you're referring to Cyril and Methodius there's sources that make them Greek, others that make them Slavic and even other sources which claimed they were both Greek and Slavic. Also the cyrillic alphabet was based on both the Greek and the Glagolitic alphabet which is evident by how many letters of the Greek and east Slavic languages that use the cyrillic alphabet look similar.
@carlustin4034 2 meses atrás
@@Proud2bGreek1 Cyril and Methodius were romeois I do not know a source which tells they were Greeks. They created the Glagolitic. Cyrilik was created in Kingdom of Bulgaria separately from Cyril and Methodius. Yes Bulgarian rulers used Greek script and language before Cyrilik .It was natural to create from Greek a Cyrilik.Cyrilik is not based on Glagolitik. Greek alphabet comes from Phonekian.Latin comes from Greek.Anything wrong in that?
@carlustin4034 2 meses atrás
@@user-kp9od1jn1z Yes in 18-19 century was ongoing assimilation of Bulgarians by Greek clergy which had more rights in the Ottoman Empire supported by the Russian Empire.Also Russian Empire did not a strong nation on its way to the Straights. At that time Greek chauvinism was very strong .In the following Balkan wars they used cannibalism as patriotic inspiration. Greek soldiers called themselves '' Bulgarofagos'' (Bulgarianeaters) which was a continuation from saying that Basil II was ''Bulgraktonos '' (Bulgarslayer ).They made postcards and posters depicting that. That degraded Basil II but was useful for nationalists. I do not know if Hitler was successful everybody proudly would have called him Adolf Jewslayer
@Proud2bGreek1 2 meses atrás
@@carlustin4034 I'm not stating anything with the intention to antagonize or prove you personally wrong. If it's wrong it's wrong regardless of who said it. I don't know what romeois means, you mean "Romaioi" which is Romans in Greek? Yes they were citizens of the empire so they were Romans, but their descent was either Greek, Slavic or both of the aforementioned according to all available sources. You're right though they created the Glagolitic alphabet which in turn was used to create the Cyrillic alphabet from their Bulgarian disciples.
@Saiyan_90000 2 meses atrás
12:15 This reminded me when Islamic state attacked syria and iraq, all syrian and iraqi troops fled. Meanwhile the Kurds fought for their land. Shows the bravery of the kurds.
@ibharito1328 2 meses atrás
Well that happens when you leave the general unprotected
Incredible video , very Amazing 🎉🎉🎉❤
@gideonhock221 2 meses atrás
Best series since those bangers about Hannibal
@erikk8629 2 meses atrás
Basil looked like santa!
I love that part when Basil told the Bulgars his hands were rated E for Everyone and then gouged out their eyes.
@DimitarFCBM 2 meses atrás
Well, Kaloyan returned the favor to the Romans and more, 200 years later :)
@joaoespecial4168 2 meses atrás
Is it just me that sees the hand of the "Roman Barbarian Affaires Department" at work in the fires of Cairos?
@Shadowfang1318 2 meses atrás
The more Eastern Roman content the better!
@panayiotisheers9620 2 meses atrás
It’s a goood day to be alive another eastern Roman vid helllll yeeea
@maif3ng 2 meses atrás
Holy Hand Grenade of Antioch!
Basil, one of my favorite emperors and favorite of spices
@user-cg2tw8pw7j Mês atrás
He failed against the Fatimids, and this is strange
@fenris1168 2 meses atrás
Great video... BUT! We need more! xD
@xristoslazarakos9250 2 meses atrás
The name of the Emperor is VASILIOS not Basil.He was Greek and he had a beautiful Greek name please do not destroy it.
@Patrick462 2 meses atrás
Sure, but "Basil the Bulgar-Slayer" sounds better than "Vasilios the Bulgar-Slayer".
@ErugoPurakushi 2 meses atrás
He was important enough for his name to have been Anglicized. I get where you're coming from, but I don't mind hearing "Alexander" or "Aristotle" instead of "Aleksandros" or "Aristotelis", and I'm Greek too.
@radislavrashev7266 2 meses atrás
@kkkkjjjj8113 2 meses atrás
Bagrations would smash out easily to bulgarians and outsmart, misstake here is that gregory never been bagration
@komododragon410 2 meses atrás
That Kurdish officer got some balls
@boqn9748 2 meses atrás
There is a minor mistake made in the video, as Samuel is depicted to be of the Krum dynasty, though he was actually of the Kometopuli dynasty
@BGBolyar 2 meses atrás
There is no mistake. Tsar Samuel and his successors, Gavril Radomir (1014-1015), Ioan Vladislav (1015-1018) and Presian II (1018), belonged to the Krum dynasty.
@theindooroutdoorsman 2 meses atrás
You made my Google home page! Excellent work!
@highevan 2 meses atrás
"In this respect, it is noteworthy that early-medieval written evidence from the Bulgar realm testifies to a Bulgar preference to the ethnonym Graikos (Greek), instead of Rhomaios (Roman), by the designation of the Eastern Romans." Yannis Stouraitis, pp 130, "Byzantine Romanness: From geopolitical to ethnic conceptions: Early Medieval Regions and Identities"
@marksimpson8577 2 meses atrás
This music... I swear I've heard it on the Bedtime stories channel... great choice!
@imperialgaming9826 2 meses atrás
Thanks for uploading
@mattiavacca2111 2 meses atrás
It's sad to see how Byzantines lost the last war.
@killerpie5981 2 meses atrás
Byzantines taking Ls even in their high point
@tylerellis9097 2 meses atrás
It’s fine, Basil personally retook control of the situation and no territory was lost. The Fatimids would ultimately never be able to make any gains against the Empire for the next 60 years.
@Iamnotracistlmao 2 meses atrás
No territory was lost lol
@mattiavacca3199 2 meses atrás
​@Iamnotracistlmao yeah but they got destroyed. And this only because they started lacking of discipline.
@letsgoooo342 2 meses atrás
What was he thinking ? Man went and accepted "PEACE" when Bulgaria was virtually defenceless.. Bad bad decision, as his general told Hannibal, you are great at winning a battle but horrible when using it.
@ragael1024 2 meses atrás
seeing this... how can one not think that the romans were back in business? they were making the world tremble once more at the sight of their armies. all because of one dedicated soldier-emperor. and how those fools that came after him destroyed it all.
@user-cg2tw8pw7j 2 meses atrás
Fatimids: Brother, give your money
@user-cg2tw8pw7j 2 meses atrás
​@@IamnotracistlmaoFatimids: He did this for peace and because of his defeat.