A Brief History of Carpathian-Ruthenia and the Rusyns

LemkoWithHistory (ЛЗI)
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24 Abr 2020



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Comentários 125
K. A.
K. A. 2 anos atrás
Big hello to all our Rusyn brothers from area known as White Croatia from modern Croatia, greetings also to our Ukrainian Polish and Slovak brothers who inhabit the area today
John Labus
John Labus 16 dias atrás
Big hello back from a 3rd Generation American of Lemko, Croatian, and Polish origin. Both my Polish and Lemko ancestors immigrated from modern day southern Poland with my Polish family originating in the lands southeast of Kraków and west of Nowy Sacz and my Lemko family in far southeastern Poland near the Slovakia border. My Croatian family immigrated to the USA from Perušić.
Ivan Sam
Ivan Sam 11 meses atrás
Area of White Croatia is unknown.
Máté Fejér
Máté Fejér 2 anos atrás
This video points out the complex history of ethnic groups in Central/Eastern Europe. Also greatly examplifies that ethnicities usually have several intertwined roots and have taken on many influences throughout time. Therefore, most of today's national myths that spark so much debate and cause so much trouble are badly simplfified and reveal only small fractions of reality. Great video, Cheers from Hungary!
LemkoWithHistory (ЛЗI)
I'm glad you enjoyed it!
WMCR2001 2 anos atrás
Thank you for sharing! I needed an easy video history for an introduction. I only recently learned that my ancestors who came from northern Hungary and southern Slovakia were actually Rusyns (my great-great grandmother even listed "Ruthenian" on her immigration info!). I am eager to learn more about my people!
Szilvia Romanek
Szilvia Romanek 2 anos atrás
Hello there, that’s very good exciting, I hope you get to learn more! I’m in the same boat, recently found a birth certificate of my great grandfather. It stated that his father was ‘görög nem egyesült’ meaning he was an Orthodox Christian. I did some more digging and I found some families in 1850s Slovakia with his surname ‘Romanek’. Word passed down in the family was that he immigrated from Poland, but perhaps it was the North of Slovakia? I’m trying to dig up more information
LemkoWithHistory (ЛЗI)
Glad I could help! You should check out my latest video, it explains more in depth on why many Rusyns decided to leave Austria-Hungary.
Virgil J Jacas
Virgil J Jacas 8 meses atrás
Thank you for sharing this historical lesson. Eastern European history have been a convulsive one.
laszlo tassy
laszlo tassy 2 anos atrás
Not my site here, I am a Half Rusyn , American born female. My father was born in Kunkowa, Poland in 1921. Visited my relations still living in that area of now SE Poland. Wonderful people and a beautiful country.
John Maholick
John Maholick Anos atrás
Best explanation thus far…as I such for answers and information I look forward to seeing more.
Miguel Alfonso Santana
Miguel Alfonso Santana 3 meses atrás
Hello. Can someone please explain to me the difference between Rusyn and Ruthenian. I’m a bit confused. Thanks…. Great video by the way.
Jareov Vichenko
Jareov Vichenko 2 anos atrás
This reminds me of my ancestors from slovakia born in 1897
Cyndago Mano
Cyndago Mano 2 anos atrás
Incredible video, very nice job.
Res Publica
Res Publica 2 anos atrás
The map at 2:48 is inaccurate. The area of Cherven Cities( modern day western Ukraine and eastern Poland) were inhabited by the tribe of Lendians that were a west slavic tribe and thous not Ruthenians.
Тарас Андрусевыч
"Dolynians" are not so huge actually, and hutsuls are more wide population still in Carpathians (especially in Tyachiv district,)!
P B Anos atrás
Hello from Belgium. Once, my mother said to me that My father's parents came from ruthenia. Their family name was Bagara (my grandmother's family name was Prodan ). I remember me when l was a little boy calling my grandfather 'diedoushka' or something like that. Strangely, my second name is Janos, witch seems to be more hungarian. They are all dead now. I am 47 and still don't know what are exactly my origins.
alex paul
alex paul 11 dias atrás
@Mr. Quizzy I think you are right...100%
P B 13 dias atrás
@Mr. Quizzy thank you for the infos
Mr. Quizzy
Mr. Quizzy 14 dias atrás
@alex paul because all slavs around Romania are actually slavified
Mr. Quizzy
Mr. Quizzy 14 dias atrás
Prodan is a romanian name, an ruthenians are slavified romanians...slavs are from Asia
alex paul
alex paul 7 meses atrás
The name " Prodan" is common in Romania too
Matthew Harhai
Matthew Harhai 10 meses atrás
Enjoyed and shared it. Thank you!
Daca 4 meses atrás
Here in Vojvodina, Serbia, Rusyin is co-offitial language on provintial level, as well as 3 municipalities. Also, I hand around these folks a lot, and I must sey they are amasing people!
14pat Anos atrás
so rusyns are heavy influenced by valachs? pretty cool :) im near valaško in czech rep they cool.
Gus Gone
Gus Gone 11 meses atrás
You should offer to draw an ethnic map and help solve the current troubles in Ukraine. I think if nothing is done soon, the place will dissolve into a mess worse than Yugoslavia. Also, the very last people to sort this out should be US led NATO and the old soviet KGB boss Putin.
S K Anos atrás
FIY Kievan Rus was not called Kevan Rus it was just Rus and the term Kievan Rus was introduced in the 19th century by a Russian historian just to highlight the dates.
Pwnstar Anos atrás
Why not rejoin Slovakia? I thought we took good care of Carpathian Ruthenia whilst it was within our borders. I think that would apply today too, rusins would be better of as Slovaks imo.
Drive432 Anos atrás
Because Rusyns are a minority of the population in Zakarpattia. At the moment Ukrainians dominate most of the regions and make up 80,5% of the total population of the region, when the Rusyns are about 10,000 (according to the Ukrainian Wikipedia). Consequently Ukrainians are unlikely to reunite with Slovakia
laszlo tassy
laszlo tassy 2 anos atrás
Not my site here. My father was born in Kunkowa Poland in 1921, visited the area and met many of my Ruysn/Lemko relations 7 years ago. Just a wonderful fairytale land.Proud to be half Ruysn.
laszlo tassy
laszlo tassy 2 anos atrás
We visited the Ruysn museum near Gorlice. Found many of my relations were working in the axle grease trade in the mid 1850's. The Ruysn's were known to make the best axle grease anywhere. They had wagons of the grease and would travel all through Hungary and other areas selling their fine grease. So interesting to see the culture there.
Reid Garwin
Reid Garwin Anos atrás
I descend from a people who lived in the most beautiful land
Ž Š 5 meses atrás
4:57 You sure about this map? It shows Vlachs originating in modern day Albania.
Jhorn 20
Jhorn 20 2 anos atrás
My great grandmother came to America because of the communist take over but I have no idea what region she came from
venessa maxwell
venessa maxwell 12 dias atrás
Does this word sound familiar (phonetic spelling) "eesh"tanem" ? My grandmother's family is from the Carpathian mountains now SW Ukraine, and they spoke a "house language" They used this term for "yikes, not good" They all also spoke, German, Hungarian, Yiddish, and Chec But this was the language they spoke among themselves. came to Pittsburg in 1990
Sicambria 2 anos atrás
Compare the ethnic and the religion map of Eastern-Slovakia. Greek catholic people have Rusyn ancestry. I think it is also true for Hungary (Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg, Hajdú-Bihar, and Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén county).
Mr. Quizzy
Mr. Quizzy 14 dias atrás
f*ck off you hungarians in Ural , take with you and slavs
alex paul
alex paul 7 meses atrás
@OvidiuG They did. When they converted to Christianity there was NO Catholic Church. In 1054 the Papism became a religion
alex paul
alex paul 7 meses atrás
@Sicambria Greco Catholics are Orthodox who betrayed their faith for money or other advantages
OvidiuG 2 anos atrás
@Sicambria I am Greek Catholic. Those you are talking about do not have Hungarian ancestors, but are Hungarianized over time. Hungarians never switched from Orthodoxy to Catholicism.
LemkoWithHistory (ЛЗI)
Those are Rusyns in Maramures.
Radmila Avlijas
Radmila Avlijas 10 meses atrás
Such a beautiful son and language
Sudungarn 2 anos atrás
Always minimizing Hungarian influences, yeah i bet Armenians had bigger influence than being part of Hungary for a century. If you would be real Rusyn you wouldnt call them in Serbia North Serbian Rusyns but Vojvodina Rusyns, their and all Vojvodina and even Serbs (from the region) preffered name. I really love Rusyns where i live, their culture is very close to ours (Hungarian), their villages are my among my favorites and they are a really cultured people.
Viktor Anos atrás
But they're slavs, not mongols, rusyns don't want to get magyarised.
patriotpioneer 2 anos atrás
@Alek Shukhevych Hungarians, Ukrainians & Others...
Alek Shukhevych
Alek Shukhevych 2 anos atrás
Yes, the Hungarians always keapt local Rusyns and Ukrainian oppressed and subjugated if thats what you mean by " Hungarian influence".!
LemkoWithHistory (ЛЗI)
I'm not sure what exactly you mean but I was just listing off the historic minorities of Transcarparhia. Some that come from my own ancestry included. Also I did a whole video on Hungarian influence on Rusyns, and a video on Pannonian Rusyns. Thanks for commenting!
Michael Marczinko
Michael Marczinko 2 anos atrás
This one is actually pretty good too, this one as well?
hops226 8 meses atrás
I'm so confused about my family history and maybe you can help me out. A Lemko told me my family name is Lemko (Solar). My great-grandparents were Greek Catholics, are buried in a Greek Catholic cemetery, spoke Ukranian and identified as Ruthenian at Ellis Island. However, they came from outside of Lemkovyna (Stare Siolo near Oleszyce, Lubaczów County). What the heck is our identity lol.
John Labus
John Labus 16 dias atrás
Religion is often a key marker and Greek Catholic is typical among Rusyns/Lemkos from modern day southeastern Poland. My maternal grandfather was Lemko and raised his family Greek Catholic in the USA.
LemkoWithHistory (ЛЗI)
Gmina Dydia is definitely a Lemko village so congrats you're Rusyn!
hops226 8 meses atrás
@LemkoWithHistory (ЛЗI) Thank you so much! I dug a little deeper and looking at Polish records, they don't have deep roots to that village since the previous generation came from Gmina Dydnia. My quick search came up that the area had a lot of Lemko and Boyko people up until Operation Vistula. Very interesting! Thank you again for pointing me in the right direction!
LemkoWithHistory (ЛЗI)
If Stare Siolo is correct you could probably claim either Rusyn or Ukrainian. Many in that village probably drifted more towards Ukrainian but I would not be surprised if emigrants who came to America before they were Ukrainianized identify as Rusyn.
hops226 8 meses atrás
@LemkoWithHistory (ЛЗI) Thank you so much for your response!! It means so much. So if they didn't originate from Lemkovyna they aren't Rusyn? But instead would be Greek Catholic Ukrainians from Poland (Galicia)? I also found out Stare Siolo translates to old village lol so maybe something is going on there.
szcz 9 meses atrás
I have a question are goral people and rusyns somewhat related ? We are both carpathian cultures and also have vlach influence
Not a vlach influence, but a clear vlach(romanian) origin. That is why most of hutsuls and many of lemkos, boikos, moravian vlachs...look different that slavs.
Ryszard Jacek Ruśniak
Wrong! Croats inhabited the lands between the rivers Oder and Elbe, along with Serbs, before they were pushed south. Learn and don't lie.
jakov povreslo
jakov povreslo Anos atrás
Eromal Andersson
Eromal Andersson Anos atrás
How similar are they to Silesian?
Ріхард Родак
Слава Ісусу Христу! Дуже бы ємь хотіл выхвалити вашу роботу! Тай бы ємь ся іши хотіл опросіти ці будут і відеа і в русинскому языку, дякую! Оставайте здоровы
LemkoWithHistory (ЛЗI)
Thank you! Some day when I get better at speaking.
In aeternum Roma Mater "DCCLIII"
This is wrong in the perspective of the 'Vlachs'. There is no mention text of Vlachs "migrating" to Maramureș aka Transylvania. The fact is, the Migration Theory is actually created to serve political purposes and has zero Archeological or documents of Vlach migrating, or either toponyms or names of Vlach origin nowhere south of the Danube while there's documents and text of Vlachs living North of Danube by the Xth Century A.D which couldn't have happen if a "migration" would have taken place. But yes, the Vlachs had a huge important role in Transcarphatia more than the Hungarians and here's why. Maramureș was a Kenazate like an autonomous region with its own ruler. The Vlachs had its own noble family ruling this region by the middle or late XIIIth Century. House of Dragoș (Drágffy) was of Vlach origin as the father of Dragoș Gyula was a Vlach. We know that the Vlach noble family ruled Maramureș in somewhere in the beginning of the XIIIth Century but the Vlach population could have lived there earlier. According to the Moldo-Russian Chronicle finished in the XVIth Century but an early work, Dragoș Vodă was one of the Romans, and the King Vladislav of Hungary invited the Romans to fight the Tatars and gave him the estates of Maramureș. We know that Vlachs lived in Transylvania by the Xth Century in the Hungarian Chronicle of Gesta Hungarorum. It mentions Vlachs and Slavs living in the area so "migrating" to Maramureș is quite Nationalistic theory with little proof.
Caprarescu Serban
Caprarescu Serban 10 meses atrás
Vlachs coming from Albania is a Hungarian based theory and is not true, read and study more!On the territory of Romanian lived Dacians and Getaes. Dacians lived in Transylvania and Getae in the South of Romanian territory and the north of Balkans they were conquered by the Romans and stood in what is now Romania, once the Roman retreated some of them followed the Romans in the Balkans there is no connection in Romanian and Albanian language except some words because in Albania lived Ilyrians which were Tracians and “cousins” of Dacian-Getae tribes. Do some more research. Even in Gesta Hungarorum mention the people who they met when they arrived in Transylvania.
Caprarescu Serban
Caprarescu Serban 10 meses atrás
It is interesting though
Martin Wal.
Martin Wal. 10 meses atrás
piece of Czechoslovakia for 20 years
KrisH85 Anos atrás
Australian Born Rusyn here!!! Not sure how my surname came about though HARDI
Svetomir Putnik
Svetomir Putnik 10 meses atrás
Hardi je često prezime kod Rusina u Vojvodini (severna Srbija).
LemkoWithHistory (ЛЗI)
Interesting, where around in Australia are you from?
Zoltán Veczán
Zoltán Veczán 2 anos atrás
Great video! But please let me add some aspects. Hungarian "oppression" (called "magyarization") mentioned in the video, that claimed it started in the middle of the 19th century, is making a mountain out of a molehill. 1. there was never planned colonisation except for the operators of administration - counter to e.g. Czechoslovakia and Soviet Union. 2. It only started in 1907 with "Lex Apponyi". Before that, many state-funded schools were where any minorities could use their languages. The law in 1868 ordered that each and every minority can be educated in their own language, even just on that. Hungarian language was not even an obligatory course in elementary schools. First experiments in leading in the teaching the state language started only in 1880s, but without any success. After that came Lex Apponyi in 1907. 3. Lex Apponyi ordered scools only for teaching the state language - Hungarian - to that level that pulpils can speak and write to some extent in Hungarian. - this law, introduced more than a hundred years ago, was still more European and liberal than today's Ukrainian law that gradually BANS the usage of minorities' languages in school between 4.-8. class. All in all, as far as I learned the history of the region, the biggest factors of emigration in 19-20th century were the same as now: poverty and lack of opportunities. And these are the man reasons today as well, because the territory is still a borderland, furthermore, a poorer state's borderland.
Transleithania 4 meses atrás
@Miron Breznoščák the laws were also published in the ethnic minorities' languages. It was unique in Europe if you compare to France or the United Kingdom of that time.
Transleithania 4 meses atrás
@Miron Breznoščák this is not true, and there was a law that in local and regional court you have the right to use your language etc.
Rikkancs 2 anos atrás
@Miron Breznoščák Miron: Read down! Benes ??
laszlo tassy
laszlo tassy 2 anos atrás
No problem, being half Ruysn and born in the USA, I married a man from Hungary in 1978. Believe me, poor guy is paying for any crimes the Hungarians ever did against the Ruysn/Lemkos... Just kidding of course, we moved to Hungary and I feel at home here as it must be in my blood.
HunRenton 2 anos atrás
@Miron Breznoščák ok, and in the past 100 years Chechoslovakia and Slovakia is doing the same. Hungarians have to Slovakianizate their names. (Woman must use "ova") There are allways issues with the language rights. You still have Benes decrees in power which says collective guilt at the whole Hungarian community after WWII. Which is insane in 2020 in the European Union. What I want to say, that it might be true what you are writing, that Slovakians and Russins had problems with the Hungarian administration in the late XIX. century. (But please do not forget that Hungary was not fully independent it was part of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy few decades after our revolution against the Habsburgs which were beaten down with the help of Russia. ) But what is sure, that Chechoslovakia and Slovakia did much worst in the past 100 years, giving much less rights to the Hungarian communities living at the territories taken from Hungary after the WWI. Even today. Benes decrees still in power (it is a shame) it is forbidden to Hungarians living in their ancestors land to take the Hungarian citizenship (dual citizenship) because if they do they will loose the Slovakian one. etc. etc.
AC current
AC current Anos atrás
I find European minorities so interesting!
patriotpioneer 2 anos atrás
Im Starting at the beginning. A Little Rusyn Marathon.....
LemkoWithHistory (ЛЗI)
Started from the bottom now we here
kolejny111111 2 anos atrás
Dolinyans south of Boykos on your map? what is the source of that? it is wrong
LemkoWithHistory (ЛЗI)
@kolejny111111 Again, the only group of Dolinyans that most people know about is in Transcarpathia, so saying right off the bat my info is wrong is just inaccurate. I'm not sure you know as much as you think if you didn't even know about Dolinyans in Zakarpattia as this is mainstream Rusyn information. There could very well have been a group in Poland, but your original comment is incorrect.
kolejny111111 2 anos atrás
@LemkoWithHistory (ЛЗI) you are very stuborn, i just showed you a source better than wikipedia, yes there was an ethinc group called Dolinians in Poland, there are numerous publications about it, as i said there may be another goup with the same name hence the confusion, but it does not mean my map was inacurate, simple negation is not a proof, anyway i think i cleared it already with the last post
LemkoWithHistory (ЛЗI)
Dolinyans are in Transcarpathia not Poland
kolejny111111 2 anos atrás
@LemkoWithHistory (ЛЗI) I know the other map I pasted is not innacurate, I know its source: this is a webpage (see below) of the open air musem that documents the architecture and customs of the ethinc groups of the region including dolinyans, the name of the group itself was coined by the ethnographer due to their location in the valley (Dolina=Valley) , I have seen the musem and it is where i have first seen this map , so unless there is another subgroup of Rusyns with the same name south of Boykos (which i have now found on some russian encyclopedia so it seems to be the case )- your map would be wrong, otherwise both are correct just refer to differet groups with same name
LemkoWithHistory (ЛЗI)
To tell you the truth I've never seen a map that innacurate, no disrespect. Wikipedia's fault on that. Here's a good actual map
mike b
mike b 10 meses atrás
Were is Verxovintci? On map don't show
MarcoManul Anos atrás
What if they would migrant to the only Russian North American colony Alaska?
MarcoManul Anos atrás
@LemkoWithHistory (ЛЗI) ah.
LemkoWithHistory (ЛЗI)
They would still be Rusyns...
OrkosUA 2 anos atrás
In the beginning and end of the video you used Ukrainian folk song.
Eliseo Martinez
Eliseo Martinez Anos atrás
@OrkosUA lol Ukrainians are Ruthenians
Grim Noob
Grim Noob Anos atrás
@OrkosUA "far spread" do not mean "yours". Lemkos could have this too. And just god know, from which region it comes...
patriotpioneer 2 anos atrás
@whollyunoriginal is correct. Understand before there was Ukraine there was The Rus. some info here:
whollyunoriginal 2 anos atrás
​@OrkosUA ​@lemkowithhistory I think the confusion here is that many Lemko songs have been incorporated into the Ukrainian national folk repertoire and are considered народнi піснi. Another example of such a song would be Кедь ми прийшла карта. Both songs are, in fact, Lemko, however, they are widely celebrated in Ukraine as Lemko-Ukrainian. Many contemporary Lemkos - in the diaspora and at home - consider themselves to be a Ukrainian minority. Songs from Lemkivshcyna are beautiful and their celebration should be encouraged, but their roots not forgotten. Here's a great summary of the history of the song:,_%D0%B2%D0%B5%D1%80%D1%88%D0%B5
OrkosUA 2 anos atrás
@LemkoWithHistory (ЛЗI) wow, another Ukrainian Song! Dude, you are just picking Ukrainian folk songs which are far spread in Ukraine and pass them as "Rusyn". Lying will not get you anywhere. So it is you I say nice try but
Anthony Leiva
Anthony Leiva 11 meses atrás
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